Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region by Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen
By Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen
This quantity demanding situations the orthodox view that fishing and fish performed just a marginal position within the economic climate of the traditional global. in reality, there's archaeological facts for old fish processing on a advertisement scale not just within the Mediterranean itself, but additionally at the Atlantic coast and within the Black Sea quarter, specifically the Crimea. Our literary resources testify to the frequent culinary and medicinal use of salted fish and fermented fish sauces in antiquity, and particularly within the first centuries advert. during this ebook, the authors examine the current kingdom of study on old fishing and talk about its implications for the heritage of the Black Sea quarter, in particular the interval of Greek colonisation alongside its seashores. whereas grain has generally been considered because the major export commodity of the Pontic colonies, the life of salting-vats at the coast of the Crimea point out creation of salt-fish or fish sauce on a wide scale, possibly for export. even if, many questions stay unanswered: for example bearing on possession and corporation of the processing amenities, or how the completed product was once transported to far away markets. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Gastronomic writers, in discussing particular foods, highlight delicacies from around the Mediterranean, while satirists and other critics focus on famous and expensive fish products. Archestratos (frg. 102) is one of many who praise garum sociorum from New Carthage in Spain. Geographers in describing different geographical locations often speak of the food resources of a particular region or city. 1, 19). These differentiations are not casual. 27 Sources for Production and Trade of Greek and Roman Processed Fish 37 The second category of sources for production of fish by-products are the numerous remains of salting installations discovered by archaeological excavations conducted in the Western Mediterranean and Black Sea regions.
39 Curtis 1991, 118-126. See above, note 12. 40 Curtis 1991, 112-118, 129-131. 41 Curtis 1991, 47-48; Lagóstena Barrios 2001, 98-100. 42 Curtis 1991, 178. 43 Lopetcharat, Choi, Park, and Daeschel 2001, 65-88. 44 Curtis 1991, 15-22; Beddows 1985, 2: 1-39; Mackie, Hardy, and Hobbs 1971. 45 Curtis 1991, 22-24; Lopetcharat et al. 2001, 71-72. 46 Lopetcharat et al. 2001, 79-82. For umami, see especially Kawamura and Kare, eds. 1987, and Yamaguchi and Ninomiya 1998, 123-138. 47 Aquerreta, Astiasarán, and Bello 2001, 107-112.
62 Most contained cargoes of amphorae not only of wine and oil but also of fish by-products. Study of the individual amphora provides important information of the kind described earlier. Plotting shipwrecks that contain fish sauce amphorae provides a graphic view of the usual sea routes followed by merchant ships. For example, a primary trade route between Spain and Italy, plotted by shipwrecks containing salt-fish amphorae, ran from Spain northward along the Mediterranean coast to the mouth of the Rhône River.