Architecture of Minoan Crete: Constructing Identity in the by John C. McEnroe

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By John C. McEnroe

Ever for the reason that Sir Arthur Evans first excavated on the web site of the Palace at Knossos within the early 20th century, students and viewers were attracted to the structure of Bronze Age Crete. a lot of the charm comes from the geographical and historic area of expertise of the island. Equidistant from Europe, the center East, and Africa, Minoan Crete is at the moving conceptual border among East and West, and chronologically suspended among historical past and prehistory. during this culturally dynamic context, structure supplied greater than actual safeguard; it embodied which means. structure was once a medium during which Minoans built their notions of social, ethnic, and historic id: the constructions let us know approximately how the Minoans observed themselves, and the way they desired to be noticeable through others. structure of Minoan Crete is the 1st finished examine of the whole diversity of Minoan architecture--including homes, palaces, tombs, and cities--from 7000 BC to 1100 BC. John C. McEnroe synthesizes the huge literature on Minoan Crete, with specific emphasis at the vital discoveries of the earlier two decades, to supply an up to date account of Minoan structure. His available writing type, skilful architectural drawings of homes and palaces, web site maps, and color images make this ebook inviting for normal readers and viewers to Crete, in addition to students.

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Plan. Maison B, Malia. After Demargne and Gallet de Santerre 1953, pl. LXI. 30 A great number of bones were found in the building, but the majority of them seem to have been animal bones. The building is more complex than it appears in plan. The interior walls are at a level lower than the square exterior trace, which was almost certainly added at a later date. The original plan of the building would have differed considerably from that shown here. Several phases of the complex Zeta Gamma (fig.

9 Phourni Archanes Nowhere is the use of monumental funerary architecture as a means of ostentatious display of social status more marked than at Phourni Archanes, located in what is today the rich wine-producing country a few kilometers south of Knossos (fig. 10 The cemetery had a long history. Its earliest tombs, such as Tholos E, date to the EM II period. The great number of imported Cycladic grave offerings found in these early tombs demonstrate a close connection with the Cyclades, if not an actual minority population at the site.

25 As in modern rural Greece, the burial process had three stages. After initial preparation in the village, the body was brought to the tomb and laid in the grave with a small number of objects: at this stage the corpse, still belong- 3/2/10 3:44:32 PM Architecture of Minoan Crete 28 ing to the world of the flesh, depended on material goods for survival. Outside the tomb, mourners shared food, drink, and conversation and began to adjust to the loss. In the second stage, which ordinarily lasts for five years in modern Greece, the body lay in the tomb and decomposed as the deceased made the gradual transition from the world of the flesh to the world of the spirit and the survivors adjusted to their loss.

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