Autism: Understanding the Disorder by Gary B. Mesibov

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By Gary B. Mesibov

This quantity is designed to supply a entire evaluate of autism for the various expert and considerate mom and dad, execs, and different involved voters with an curiosity in those vital concerns. It has grown out of our assumption that there are numerous humans attracted to our box who wish the main up to date details to be had with no need to find and skim during the growing to be literature during this quarter. From our college bases, we're lucky in getting access to state of the art information regarding autism and similar improve­ psychological problems. Our aim during this quantity is to synthesize this knowledge and current it comprehensively and objectively. This quantity is the end result of two years of labor settling on, organizing, writing, rewriting, and modifying the main up to date info to be had approximately individuals with autism, their households, and the cutting-edge concerning the nature, motives, underlying mechanisms, analysis, and therapy of autism. we are hoping it is going to support the various buddies, colleagues, households, and electorate who've expressed their curiosity in a book of this sort. v Acknowledgments A venture ofthis scope couldn't were accomplished with no the aid of many high-quality associates and associates, too a variety of to call. as with any of our specialist actions we're indebted to our TEACCH colleagues and the various households and execs we all know in North Carolina, round the usa, and during the international for his or her curiosity, help, insights, and generosity in sharing their principles and observations. we are hoping that our ultimate product displays their many tremendous contributions.

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Thus, a severely retarded person with a mental age of a 2-3-year-old who simply participates in parallel play with others is exhibiting friendship skills at an appropriate developmental level. Inversely, a 10-year-old with intact intellectual skills who is unable to name a best friend is not at an appropriate developmental level. " For instance, a child with autism, delighted to see his favorite neighborhood dog on a walk with his mother, may not point it out to her. This inability to share a focus of attention through gesture is different from the ability to use gesture to make a request.

Children with autism have particular difficulty imitating another person's motor movements (Dawson & Adams, 1984 ), even though their verbal imitative abilities can be quite good. Restricted Repertoire of Activities and Interests The third impairment in the triad, "restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, activities and interests," involves observably deviant, rather than absent, behavior. " People with autism may learn vast amounts of information about a highly restricted topic, such as meteorology or geography, often pursuing these interests in a restricted manner by memorizing facts and conversing mainly on their chosen topics.

The presence of all three symptoms were indicative of autism. Children who were able to follow another person's gaze but failed to point and/or failed to engage in pretend play were later diagnosed as having a language delay but not autism. The similarities between these two completely different approaches to studying early signs of autism are remarkable and suggest that two symptoms in particular, not using a point to share an interest with another person and not looking at another person's face or gaze, are early symptoms that are specific to autism.

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