Between Two Ages: America's Role in the Technetronic Era by Zbigniew K. Brzezinski
By Zbigniew K. Brzezinski
В своей книге «На рубеже веков: Роль Америки в Технотронной Эре», американский политолог и социолог Збигнев Бжезинский предрекает наступление технотронной эры, завершающей индустриальную эпоху. Для планомерного перехода в технотронную эру, автор предлагает создать союз между промышленно-развитыми капиталистическими странами: США, Западной Европы, Японии. Это предложение повлекло за собой создание Трехсторонней комиссии, поставившей перед собой цель консультировать ведущие мировые державы Америки, Европы и Азии по вопросам мировых проблем. Инициатором создания комиссии был Дэвид Рокфеллер. В 1972 году эта инициатива была поддержана на заседании Билдербергского клуба, а в 1973 году комиссия была организован. Збигнев Бжезинский вошел в комиссию как исполнительный директор, находясь на этом посту с 1973 по 1976 год. В настоящей книге, рассматривая различные проблемы перехода в технотронную эру, Бжезинский делает весьма интересные прогнозы будущего. Национальные государства, по его прогнозам, в течении ближайших десятилетий (книга написана в 1970 году) будут терять политический вес. Также, он прогнозирует возможность усиления контроля и управления над населением при помощи новых технологий в области электроники и биохимии. По мнению Бжезинского технотронная эра создаст транснациональную элиту, озабоченную мировыми проблемами, со своим языком межнационального общения, единой информационной средой, единой культурой.
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Additional info for Between Two Ages: America's Role in the Technetronic Era
The number of scientists, engineers, and technicians engaged in research and development totaled 1,159,500 in the United States; 211,100 in Britain; 111,200 in France; 142,200 in Germany; 53,800 in Belgium and Holland; and somewhere over 1,000,000 in the Soviet Union (C. Freeman and A. Young, The Research and Development Effort in Western Europe, North America and the Soviet Union, OECD, 1965, pp. 71-72, 124. Source for Poland: a speech by A. Werblan, published by Polish Press Agency, October 15, 1968.
Given developments in modern communications, it is only a matter of time before students at Columbia University and, say, the University of Teheran will be watching the same lecturer simultaneously. 14 Roughly sixtyfive per cent of all world communications originate in this country. Moreover, the United States has been most active in the promotion of a global communications system by means of satellites, and it is pioneering the development of a world-wide information grid. 15 For the first time in history the cumulative knowledge of mankind will be made accessible on a global scale—and it will be almost instantaneously available in response to demand.
Under the headline "Study Terms Technology a Boon to Individualism," 4 The New York Times reported the preliminary conclusions of a Harvard project on the social significance of science. " This may be so, but a judgment of this sort rests essentially on an intuitive —and comparative—insight into the present and past states of mind of Americans. In this connection a word of warning from an acute observer is highly relevant: "It behooves us to examine carefully the degree of validity, as measured by actual behavior, of the statement that a benefit of technology will be to increase the number of options and alternatives the individual can choose 0 Charles R.