Biogeography by Mark V. Lomolino
By Mark V. Lomolino
Thoroughly revised and up-to-date, Biogeography, moment variation , summarises the varied methods to the research of the distributions of residing issues. ranging from easy evidence and ideas, and assuming in basic terms minimum wisdom of biology, geography and earth historical past, the books explains the relationships among styles of plant and animal distributions and the procedures that experience produced them.
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The new epifamily name of the termites is therefore proposed to be Termitoidae (Eggleton et al. 2007). However, this suggestion may not be adopted by many systematists, and we expect to see the informal group name “Isoptera” being used extensively for some time to come. g. see Engel et al. 2009). In particular, wing morphology is of great importance, as many fossils are just wing impressions. For 2 Termite Phylogenetics and Co-cladogenesis with Symbionts 35 extant species, the alates are of less importance because the largest termite family, the Termitidae, have wings that vary very little.
4 Worker Gut Anatomy The basic structure of the termite gut conforms to the general insect plan of foregut, midgut and hindgut. However, the configuration of the gut differs considerably in different groups (see Chapter 1, this volume, by Eggleton). The gut of worker termites is an extremely complicated coiled three dimensional structure, especially within the termitid soil-feeders. The important parts of the gut for taxonomic work are described by Noirot (1995, 2001) in his two modern synoptic anatomical works: we will not repeat details here except when they define a particular clade.
Sci Am 205:138–145 Martius C, Bandeira AG, da Silva Medeiros LG (1996) Variation in termite alate swarming in rain forests of central Amazonia. Ecotropica 2:1–11 Matsuura K (2002) Colony-level stabilization of soldier head width for head-plug defense in the termite Reticulitermes speratus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 51:172–179 Mitchell JD (2007) Swarming and pairing in the fungus-growing termite, Macrotermes natalensis (Haviland) (Isoptera: Macrotermitinae). Afr Entomol 15:153–160 Miura T, Matsumoto T (1998) Foraging organization of the open-air processional lichen-feeding termite Hospitalitermes (Isoptera, termitidae) in Borneo.