Biophysics

Biology of Termites: a Modern Synthesis by Paul Eggleton (auth.), David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin,

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By Paul Eggleton (auth.), David Edward Bignell, Yves Roisin, Nathan Lo (eds.)

Biology of Termites, a contemporary Synthesis brings jointly the key advances in termite biology, phylogenetics, social evolution and biogeography made within the decade in view that Abe et al Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology grew to become the traditional glossy reference paintings on termite technology. construction at the good fortune of the Kluwer e-book, David Bignell, Yves Roisin and Nathan Lo have introduced jointly within the new quantity lots of the world’s major specialists on termite taxonomy, behaviour, genetics, caste differentiation, body structure, microbiology, mound structure, distribution and keep watch over. Very robust evolutionary and developmental subject matters run throughout the person chapters, fed by way of new info streams from molecular sequencing, and for the 1st time it's attainable to match the social service provider of termites with that of the social Hymenoptera, concentrating on caste selection, inhabitants genetics, cooperative behaviour, nest hygiene and symbioses with microorganisms. New chapters were extra on termite pheromones, termites as pests of agriculture and on damaging invasive species, and new molecular and cladistic frameworks are provided for clarifying taxonomy, specifically within the better termites which dominate many tropical ecosystems. utilized entomologists, developmental and evolutionary biologists, microbial ecologists, sociobiologists and tropical agriculture experts will all enjoy the new insights supplied through this work.

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The new epifamily name of the termites is therefore proposed to be Termitoidae (Eggleton et al. 2007). However, this suggestion may not be adopted by many systematists, and we expect to see the informal group name “Isoptera” being used extensively for some time to come. g. see Engel et al. 2009). In particular, wing morphology is of great importance, as many fossils are just wing impressions. For 2 Termite Phylogenetics and Co-cladogenesis with Symbionts 35 extant species, the alates are of less importance because the largest termite family, the Termitidae, have wings that vary very little.

4 Worker Gut Anatomy The basic structure of the termite gut conforms to the general insect plan of foregut, midgut and hindgut. However, the configuration of the gut differs considerably in different groups (see Chapter 1, this volume, by Eggleton). The gut of worker termites is an extremely complicated coiled three dimensional structure, especially within the termitid soil-feeders. The important parts of the gut for taxonomic work are described by Noirot (1995, 2001) in his two modern synoptic anatomical works: we will not repeat details here except when they define a particular clade.

Sci Am 205:138–145 Martius C, Bandeira AG, da Silva Medeiros LG (1996) Variation in termite alate swarming in rain forests of central Amazonia. Ecotropica 2:1–11 Matsuura K (2002) Colony-level stabilization of soldier head width for head-plug defense in the termite Reticulitermes speratus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 51:172–179 Mitchell JD (2007) Swarming and pairing in the fungus-growing termite, Macrotermes natalensis (Haviland) (Isoptera: Macrotermitinae). Afr Entomol 15:153–160 Miura T, Matsumoto T (1998) Foraging organization of the open-air processional lichen-feeding termite Hospitalitermes (Isoptera, termitidae) in Borneo.

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