Borders and Boundaries in and Around Dutch Jewish History by Judith Frishman, David J. Wertheim, Ido de Haan, Joël Cahen
By Judith Frishman, David J. Wertheim, Ido de Haan, Joël Cahen
This examine explores the transferring barriers and identities of historical and modern Jewish groups. The members assert that, geographically talking, Jewish humans infrequently lived in ghettos and feature by no means been constrained in the borders of 1 country or state. while their areas of place of dwelling can have remained an identical for hundreds of years, the international locations and regimes that governed over them have been infrequently as consistent, and tool struggles usually ended in the production of latest and divisive nationwide borders. Taking a postmodern historic process, the individuals search to reexamine Jewish historical past and Jewish reviews during the lens of borders and bounds.
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Extra info for Borders and Boundaries in and Around Dutch Jewish History
01b Michman 14-03-2011 42 17:03 Pagina 42 Dan Michman from above to enact the establishment of ghettos. It thus became a local decision whether to do so or not, being hesitantly applied in several places, and even then usually spanning over a (sometimes very) long time (in Warsaw it lasted from October 1939 to November 1940 and encountered much opposition from other German and local authorities). The functional success – from an organizational point of view – of the Lodz ghetto, which was established in April 1940, turned this ghetto into an example copied later on in many places throughout occupied Poland; it even became a pilgrimage site to learn from.
01b Michman 14-03-2011 38 17:03 Pagina 38 Dan Michman thousands of studies, only Philip Friedman, Raul Hilberg, and Christopher Browning have actually tried to tackle the basic questions in a serious way; about 98% of the literature on this issue limits itself to national or local boundaries, not looking beyond them at a more general picture. Friedman’s treatise (1954) fell mostly into oblivion. Those of Hilberg and Browning took the invasion of Poland in September 1939 as the starting point for their enquiry and approached the issue through the logic of more or less calculated bureaucratic measures; they pointed to Reinhard Heydrich’s Schnellbrief of September 21, 1939, in Poland – one of the most important documents of the Holocaust – as the “ghetto order” and referred to it as a step in the escalating process leading to the Final Solution.
13 I propose to adopt a linguistic-cultural approach in order to understand the historical development and its contours. 14 As is well known, Jewish neighborhoods have existed – usually voluntarily but sometimes compulsorily – since the High Middle Ages. The word “ghetto” as a term used for a designated Jewish neighborhood in a city originated in the early modern period in Venice, more precisely in 1516, when Jews were allowed to settle in the ccccccc 13. For this number, see the recently published Yad Vashem Encyclopedia of the Ghettos during the Holocaust (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009).