Brill's Companion to Herodotus by Egbert J. Bakker, Irene J. F. De Jong, Hans Van Wees

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By Egbert J. Bakker, Irene J. F. De Jong, Hans Van Wees

Herodotus's "Histories" could be learn in lots of methods. Their literary characteristics, by no means in dispute, could be extra totally liked within the gentle of advancements within the research of pragmatics, narratology and orality. Their highbrow prestige has been notably reassessed: not considered as na?ve and "archaic", the "Histories" at the moment are obvious as a great deal a made of the highbrow weather in their personal day - not just topic to modern literary, non secular, ethical and social affects, yet actively contributing to the good debates in their time. Their reliability as ancient and ethnographic money owed, an issue of controversy even in antiquity, is being debated with renewed power and extending sophistication. this article bargains an in-depth assessment of a lot of these techniques to Herodotus's paintings.

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BARKER Apodexis: Proof in Context In his discussion o f the size o f Egypt, Herodotus criticizes the erro­ neous ideas o f the Ionians. The argumentation requires h i m to use three times the verb apodeiknumi: If we want to accept what the Ionians maintain about Egypt (who hold that Egypt is only the Delta [. ]). then wc would be proving (άποδεικνύοιμεν αν) that at some point the Egyptians did not have a country at all. 1) So if my reasoning about these matters is correct, the Ionians have false ideas about Egypt.

Thomas (2000) 161 -7. Nagy (1990) 259-62. , De Caelo 29862; Hist. an. 91all 12; Incessu an. 70467 11: Pad. an. 6l6a8-12: 696614 17. EGBERT J. BARKER 14 not for Herodotus alone the search for what 'causes' the subject of investigation. The difference between the natural historians and Herodotus the historian is that for the latter aide is not a matter o f nature or the human body but of human behaviour (we recall the la genomena ex anthrëpnn of the Proem). A n d so the 'cause' of the researcher's object of study does take on the sense of 'guilt' or 'responsibility'.

54 μη μάν άσπουδί γε και άκλειώς άπολοίμην, ά λ λ α μέγα ρέξας τι και έσσομένοισι πυθέσθαι. (//. 304-5) It will certainly not be without great effort and great fame that I per­ ish; no, that will happen after I have accomplished a great deed, for people of the future to hear about. Hector uses a negative compound form o f the root kle(w)~ (akleios) to designate an undesirable state in the future, and he combines the root (w)reg (a morphological alternative to {w)erg i n ergon) with mega (mega rhexas): a way o f speaking that points ahead to the future o f Herodotus' Proem with its intention not to let megala erga become akleaP It looks as i f Herodotus, as the present argument progresses, is becoming more and more dependent on the Homeric conception o f heroic achievement.

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