Decorating Design

Building Stone Walls by John Vivian

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By John Vivian

John Vivian tells you every thing you want to comprehend to construct your personal stone partitions from begin to end. He covers every thing from uncomplicated gear and fabrics to construction maintaining partitions, construction in gates and stiles, relocating boulders, and utilizing lower-quality stone. transparent, distinctive drawings express precisely what to do and the way to prevent problems.

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What About You may want to build a waterway inWater? to the wall. Just build in a hole running through the wall in the first above-ground course. Or you may put in a culvert of metal or ceramic pipe. Most elaborate would be to dig ditches and have them converge at the culvert. Any amount of water flowing through a wall in time will wash and undermine ithence the use of a culvert pipe is recom52 mended. Seal around the pipe's uphill end so that the water doesn't work around it. Wall built across a slope should be provided with a drainage ditch on the uphill side.

Keep the best flat Best Sides Out face of the narrow dimensions of each stone facing out when possible. Be sure each stone is bedded solidly on the stones below it. If a stone wobbles it is better to chip off a wobble knob or dig out a hole or make a joint in the rock below than try to shim it up with small rocks and wedges. If you do use smaller rocks to get the wobble out of a big stone, be sure they are wedged in tight and held in place by other large rocks. Keep the guidelines level, and continually sight along the side of the course, adjust29 tE- --::; Wobble knob Poor ing rock placement with level and yardstick to make sure all continues square.

41 How to Lift DIGGING OUT BIG STONES 1. Dig around rock. Use lengths of 2' x 8's (or similar. Block against side of hole to distribute load. Pry up one side. Drop stones under. Two people are better (naturally). 2. Pry up alternate sides. 3. Both pry. 42 4. " Can also use chain and winch or vehicle. Chain attachment pictured at left will keep towed end from digging in. Attachment below will flip big stone over onto planking. 43 Big, symetrical stone is rolled up a plank ramp. Below, it is moyed up end oyer end.

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