Classical Greece. 500–323 BC by Robin Osborne
By Robin Osborne
Семь авторов в девяти коротких, но информативных очерках дают полноценное представление о Древней Греции указанного периода. Анализируется политика городов и союзов, экономика и военные конфликты, общественная и частная жизнь. Рассказывается также и о предшествующем периоде, в котором были заложены основы расцвета греческой цивилизации.Образцы сканов:
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Break down as follows: Farm at Phyla ( or so miles north of city) , dr. House at Athens (lived in by Ciron) , House ‘near Dionysus in the Marshes’ (rented out) , Slaves (generating income) –––– Three female (domestic) slaves –––– Furniture (value given includes slaves) , Sums of money (‘not inconsiderable’) lent at interest– – – – Farm at Thria (close to Eleusis, leased out) , dr. miles NW of city; rented out) Furniture, sheep, barley, wine, fruits , Cash in hand Loans without interest , Loans at interest , Notable is the range of income-earning assets: land and houses predominate, but there are also money out on loan and income-earning slaves.
These four speeches, supported by archaeology, provide much of our detailed knowledge of trading around the classical Greek world (the voyage to the Bosporus seems to have carried perfumed olive oil; 44 | classical greece the return voyage, hides and possibly slaves). But they also introduce several of the measures used by the Athenians in the fourth century to boost not exports but imports of crucial commodities: chiefly grain, but also timber, flax, and ruddle for shipbuilding. No longer were the Athenians, as the Old Oligarch put it, ‘Rulers of the Sea’, able to coerce and control suppliers of raw materials.
More than one thousand were involved, but the trouble was brutally suppressed before it could spread (Diodorus . . ). Mining operations were largely the preserve of wealthier members of the population: high returns set against high risk. The unnamed litigant whom we earlier encountered, trying to foist his liturgy onto Phaenippus, complains to the jury that he owes the treasury three talents rental over a failed mine (. ). Although mines were on private land, ore beneath the surface was state property.