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Computer Technology and Employment: Retrospect and Prospect by Stephen G. Peitchinis

Posted On March 23, 2017 at 5:54 am by / Comments Off on Computer Technology and Employment: Retrospect and Prospect by Stephen G. Peitchinis

By Stephen G. Peitchinis

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Publish yr notice: First released might 1st 2000
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Additional resources for Computer Technology and Employment: Retrospect and Prospect

Sample text

The implication of such a microelectronic telecommunications network is so potentially disruptive to present-day work processes, interpersonal relations, social organisation and lifestyles, as to suggest a very cautious imperative: the pace of development should not be accelerated beyond the capacities of the people, institutions, the economic infrastructure, and the governing processes to adjust. A number of major studies on the future have been published in recent 30 Computer Technology and Employment years by the United Nations, the Worldwatch Institute, the World Bank, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, the Club of Rome, and by a group appointed to respond to a request by President Carter of the US, which produced the Global 2000 Report.

The craftsman gradually faded away, replaced by product designers, machine operators, electricians, and scores of other occupations engaged in the distribution and sale of the large quantities and varieties of output that replaced the craftsman's output. This historical reality in the evolution of production processes during the period of the industrial revolution is very relevant to the on-going electronic revolution. Significant changes in processes of production are very seldom sudden. Usually, large enterprises are the first to introduce the new processes, followed by smaller and smaller enterprises as equipment prices fall, the needed capital outlay declines, and most important of all, as the risk diminishes.

The fact that traffic lights are directed by computers does not impact on them, since they did not know who or how traffic lights were operated before the introduction of computer controls. The fact that the school records of the children are now in the computers and different items can be accessed by authorised personnel on request is significant to the school administration, but hardly affects the parents, except perhaps the question of who has access to the information. And the fact that the bank account is now in the computer rather than written on a card, and that when using the Automatic Teller 36 Computer Technology and Employment Machine the communication is with the computer rather than with a teller standing behind a counter, is hardly the sort of revolutionary stuff that would cause problems.

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