Comrades and Enemies-arab & jewish workers in palestine by Lockman, Zachary
By Lockman, Zachary
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Extra info for Comrades and Enemies-arab & jewish workers in palestine 1906-48
14 (December 1970), 135. 37. On developments in this period, see Mandel, The Arabs and Zionism, chs. 3–7. 38. As the “Hebrew” in “Hebrew labor” indicates, the self-styled “workers” and “pioneers” who arrived in Palestine during the Second Aliya period generally referred to themselves and their organizations not as “Jewish” (yehudi) but as “Hebrew” (‘ivri). i... who had lived in their own homeland as a sovereign people. This move allowed them to link their own project with heroic episodes from the Jewish past, now reinterpreted nationalistically, such as the struggle of the Maccabees to free the land of alien rule and restore Jewish sovereignty.
12. , 1993), ch. 9. 13. See Neville J. Mandel, The Arabs and Zionism before World War I (Berkeley, 1976), 47–48. 14. , 1987), 91–93. 15. Quoted in Eisenzweig, “An Imaginary Territory,” 281. 16. Theodor Herzl, The Jewish State: An Attempt at a Modern Solution to the Jewish Question (London, 1967), translated by Sylvie D'Avigdor, 30. 17. I am thinking, for example, of Yosef Gorny, who manages to read Altneuland as manifesting only the “universalist, humanist essence” of Herzl's thought and his “compassion and concern for human beings”; see Zionism and the Arabs, 1882–1948: A Study of Ideology (Oxford, 1987), 31, 33.
43] It was really only after the First World War that the labor-Zionist movement—unified from 1920 within the framework of the “General Organization of Hebrew Workers in the Land of Israel” (known as the Histadrut, the Hebrew word for “organization”)—was able to embark on the creation of its own economic sector, with support and subsidies from the Zionist movement. This new sector expanded slowly at first, and with many failures and setbacks, but eventually the Histadrut would become one of the Yishuv's (and Israel's) largest employers, monopolizing or dominating whole sectors of the economy while providing a broad range of social and cultural services as well as many new jobs.