Conflict, Social Capital and Managing Natural Resources: A by K. Moore

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By K. Moore

This ebook is the made of a six-year multi-disciplinary collaborative learn software in sustainable agriculture and common source administration. It describes the transition of the conflict-ridden agricultural and pastoral structures of arid and semi-arid areas of West Africa to extra intensified agricultural and animal husbandry structures. The examine investigates technological concepts and determination instruments and explores a replicable method for development social capital inside of a rural neighborhood within the Inland Delta of the Niger River. The chapters recount the efforts of researchers and improvement brokers to spot new techniques for sustainable improvement and the studies of the neighborhood inhabitants looking a pathway from poverty and meals lack of confidence to a fit economic system and atmosphere.

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Extra resources for Conflict, Social Capital and Managing Natural Resources: A West African Case Study (Cabi Publishing)

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Competition for labour is not limited to intra-family allocation, but can also involve an entire village or group of villages. Social differentiation The level of household wealth determines vulnerability to such disasters as drought, disease epidemics and subsequent famine. Wealth may be indicated by housing materials, size of holding or size and composition of the herd. Poor farmers may be forced to sell off productive assets, while richer farmers may even gain because of such a disaster (Frankenberger and Lynham, 1990).

However, as population increase puts pressure on the limited resource base – intensifying livestock production, establishing agro-pastoral production systems, and increasing migration in search of employment – women appear to be taking on more of these traditionally male tasks (Pointing, 1995). Family labour allocation decisions are made between rainfed and irrigated crop production activities, or between herding and cropping activities, or between fishing and cropping activities. For the organization of production, a double consequence can be noted: on one hand, the periodic appearance of bottlenecks assures that optimal production strategies are not followed, and, on the other, the use of unqualified labour and inappropriate production implements results in inefficient use of resources.

In this case, milk, or more rarely an animal, would be offered in exchange. In all cases, however, the size of the herd and/or the value of the pasture was an important element in the contract negotiations. These relationships have decreased as crop farmers have increasingly come to manage their own cattle herds and herders become sedentary (Toulmin, 1983). In recent decades, the advent of harnessed traction for cultivation set in motion a dramatic transformation in the relationships between rural production systems in the 5th Region.

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