Democratic Socialism in Jamaica: The Political Movement and by Evelyne Huber Stephens, John D. Stephens
By Evelyne Huber Stephens, John D. Stephens
The Description for this publication, Democratic Socialism in Jamaica: The Political stream and Social Transformation in established Capitalism, might be forthcoming.
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Extra resources for Democratic Socialism in Jamaica: The Political Movement and Social Transformation in Dependent Capitalism
In 1940, then, the PNP adopted a Fabian-type socialist position, including the advocacy of public ownership or control of the means of production, social justice and equality, and self-government. Bustamante became a member of the party and was present on the platform at the inauguration of the PNP, symbolizing the intention to weld the working class organized in the unions and the middle class involved in the party into one progressive movement. However, tensions between the flamboyant labor leader and the party leadership soon emerged.
The issue thus became totally absorbed in electioneering politics. The referendum in September 1961, with a turnout of 60 per cent, resulted in a majority for withdrawal, with 54 to 46 per cent of the vote. And the elections in the following year gave the JLP a narrow victory, with 50 per cent over the PNP's 49 per cent. As soon as the referendum was decided, pressures for rapid progress toward full independence generated intensive work on a new constitution. Jamaica achieved full dominion status and the Independence Constitution took effect in August 1962.
7 It gave expression to the concerns of the socially, culturally and politically active parts of the Jamaican middle class (Post, 1978:214--15). Almost simultaneously with Public Opinion, a new political organization was formed, the National Reform Association (NRA), 8 and shortly thereafter, an abortive attempt was made to form a political party, the Labour Party. In both cases, the founders approached N. W. Manley, a Rhodes scholar and Jamaica's foremost lawyer, to become involved but he refused, A Post-Colonial Plantation Economy 15 as all through 1937 he saw his role primarily in the promotion of social and economic development projects, not in politics (Post, 1978:220).