Drawing and Sketching in Pencil by Arthur L. Guptill
By Arthur L. Guptill
An architect, painter, artwork director, and instructor, Arthur L. Guptill wrote numerous renowned books on drawing. He starts off this two-part therapy, geared toward architects, artists, and scholars, with discussions of drawing objects in define and in gentle and coloration, the rules of freehand point of view, equipment of solid and existence drawing, and sketching animals. the second one half examines the alternative of matters and drawing in define and in flat and graded tones. the $64000 topic of composition gets substantial realization, with specific concentrate on solidarity and stability. extra themes contain operating from pictures and from nature, the illustration of constructions — together with exteriors, interiors, and highway scenes—and portraying information and components, from furnishings, draperies, doorways, and home windows to clouds, water, and trees.
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Extra info for Drawing and Sketching in Pencil
Those which are here recommended will do for most of the problems of the beginner while others are discussed in later chapters. Materials Pencils—Drawing pencils are usually graded from 6B, the softest and blackest, to 9H, the hardest and firmest, with fifteen grades between, or seventeen in all, arranged as follows:—6B, 5B, 4B, 3B, 2B, B, HB, F, H, 2H, 3H, 4H, 5H, 6H, 7H, 8H, 9H. Of these the soft pencils are best suited to freehand work, though some papers demand much harder pencils than others.
Cases or drawers or folios in which new paper, finished drawings and the like may be kept are convenient, and in addition there should be some provision made for taking care of the pencils, erasers and knives which must be near at hand. Attachments may be purchased for the type of table pictured in Figure 1, specially designed to accommodate such accessories, whereas the easel is usually equipped with a shelf to serve the same purpose. Some of the stands made for smokers are convenient if we substitute pencils and sandpaper pad for pipe and tobacco.
Next block out very lightly with a few sweeps of the pencil the larger proportions, the point barely touching the paper surface. Now set the drawing back near the objects. Compare. Is the height right in relation to the width ? ,—namely, thumb measurement. Thumb Measurement. This test is known as thumb or pencil measurement. One eye is closed and the arm outstretched at full length towards the object, the hand grasping the sharpened end of a pencil held at right angles to the arm (more properly at right angles to the line of sight from the eye to the object).