Dynamic Antisymmetry by Andrea Moro
By Andrea Moro
The critical proposal of Dynamic Antisymmetry is that flow and word constitution aren't self reliant houses of grammar; extra particularly, that circulate is prompted by way of the geometry of word constitution. Assuming a minimalist framework, circulation is traced again to the need for common language to prepare phrases in linear order on the interface with the perceptual-articulatory module. Andrea Moro makes use of this leading edge standpoint to investigate a number of empirical domain names, concentrating on small clauses, cut up wh-movement, and clitic structures. In a last speculative bankruptcy, he examines the final effects for the layout of grammar implied through Dynamic Antisymmetry. The publication is self-contained, with a synopsis of present theories of flow and a man-made presentation of the idea of antisymmetry. An appendix offers the necessities of a unified thought of copular sentences, which performs a crucial position within the argument and has numerous very important effects for syntax, for instance, for expletives and locality. Linguistic Inquiry Monograph No. 38
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Queste foto lo sono ritenute t t. these pictures lo are considered The richer structure independently adduced to account for the distribution of adverbs and predicative markers in the complement of believe-type verbs can now be exploited to account for the contrast between (26b) and (27b). Let us focus on the two structures: Sources of Symmetry 47 (28) a. Queste foto lo sono [t t]. these photos lo are b. *Gianni lo ritiene [queste foto F 0 . . t] Gianni lo considers these pictures In fact, the contrast can now be reduced to a Relativized Minimality e¨ect: we know that clitics move as maximal projections in the intermediate steps of movement (see Kayne 1989 and references cited there).
Since I see no . . compelling evidence to the contrary,'' Kayne writes, ``I conclude that the LCA does underlie the entire set of syntactic representations and therefore that every syntactic representation is automatically associated with a ®xed linear ordering of its terminal symbols'' (1994, 49). In other words, Kayne considers the LCA as a pervasive condition on syntactic representations, which is so far indirectly motivated. Whether or not this view is empirically adequate is the topic of the next section and will constitute the central issue of this work.
Instead, I will approach the issue in a di¨erent way, by taking two conceptually di¨erent paths: on the one hand, I will argue against the current theory of movement based on checking of uninterpretable features; on the other, I will indicate the general design of grammar that Dynamic Antisymmetry points to, on the basis of selected empirical cases. 1 The Typology of Symmetry From a categorial point of view, we expect there to be only two types of points of symmetry: between two maximal projections (XP) or between two heads (X 0 ).