Encyclopaedia of Biological Disaster Management: vol. 2. by Ranjeet Kumar Singh, Kumari Swarnim
By Ranjeet Kumar Singh, Kumari Swarnim
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DEPLOYMENT Deployment may be local, state, national, or international. When activated by the federal government, team members become temporary federal employees as FEMA assets under the Department of Homeland Security. Teams rotate alert status. While PSTs may be more likely to deploy with local DMATs, given the small number of PSTs and frequency with which they will be on alert, they may deploy with different DMATs/specialty teams. EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES,AND PHARMACEUTICALS PSTs work with DMATs to assure that the team has appropriate pediatric-specific equipment, supplies, and pharmaceuticals, as well as adequate equipment, supplies, and pharmaceuticals that are not age-specific for use by the PST.
Training consists of computer, classroom, and field exercises that focus on team structure, function, and objectives, and deployment-related issues, including personnel safety during travel and in the field, secure communication, constructing shelters and healthcare facilities, use and maintenance of equipment and supplies, disaster and mass casualty field medicine, patient aeromedical evacuation, and emergency team evacuation. Ideally, training of PST members is with DMAT/IMSuRT members to allow for cross-training and for individuals to work together as a team.
The NDMS plan is that all DMATs/IMSuRTs have identical caches. 30 Biological Disaster Management PEDIATRIC EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES While the spectrum of injury and illness will vary with the type of disaster and the time to response in general, commonly used equipment and supplies include cardiopulmonary monitors, pulse oximeters, nebulizers, supplies for venipuncture, intravenous catheterization, and bladder catheterization, nasogastric tubes, chest tubes, laceration repair kits, and orthopedic supplies for casting and splinting.