Fiction and the Frontiers of Knowledge in Europe, 1500–1800 by Alexis Tadié, Richard Scholar
By Alexis Tadié, Richard Scholar
The makes use of of fiction in early glossy Europe are way more assorted than is frequently assumed by means of those that contemplate fiction to be synonymous with the radical. The participants to this quantity display the numerous function that fiction performs in early smooth eu tradition, not just in numerous its literary genres, but in addition in its formation of philosophical principles, political theories, and the legislation. the quantity explores those makes use of of fiction in a sequence of interrelated case stories, starting from the Italian Renaissance to the French Revolution and studying the paintings of, between others, Montaigne, Corneille, Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, and Diderot. It asks: the place does fiction reside, and thrive? less than what stipulations, and to what ends? It means that fiction is healthier understood no longer as a style or a self-discipline yet, in its place, as a frontier: person who demarcates literary genres and disciplines of information and which, crucially, enables the move of rules among them.
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Book II, dealing with cures, ends with the myth of Ilceus, a Syrian punished for offending Diana and obliged to prospect for mercury in the underworld in order to be healed (ll. 29 Book III takes the exploration of legendary memory even further. By way of the fable of Syphilus, grafted on to the account of Columbus’ first voyage, this section of the poem returns to Atlantis,30 as well as to the islands of the New World as they were in their earlier, mythical form. Syphilus, who insults the Sun and abolishes its cult, becomes the strongest symbol of the impiety by which Atlantis was lost.
Poeta vero non hoc [= rem nudam id est singularem], sed simplicem ideam pulchrituninibus suis vestitam, quod universale Aristoteles vocat’, Naugerius, in Fracastoro 1555: 158v°, see also 160–162. The composition of the Naugerius dates to circa 1540. Poetic Fiction and Natural Philosophy in Humanist Italy 19 On a par with the great poets who were philosophers, a list that runs from Museus to Pontano, there are the great philosophers who were poets: Empedocles, Democritus, and Anaxagoras. One could even claim, Fracastoro says, that Aristotle and Plato were poets.
22 Fracastoro kept himself well informed on these matters. 25 In 1534, Ramusio published a first collection of texts comprising Pietro Martyr’s Decades (translated by Navagero), Oviedo’s Sumario, and several accounts of the conquest of Peru translated by himself. 19 According to German municipal edicts collected by Karl Sudhoff (see introduction to Sudhoff 1925), its appearance may have been even earlier. 20 Schmaus 1517, Hutten 1519. See also Munger 1949. 21 Colombus does not mention the illness in his accounts.