Forming the Mind: Essays on the Internal Senses and the Mind by Henrik Lagerlund
By Henrik Lagerlund
This ebook offers with the inner senses, the mind/body challenge and different difficulties linked to the idea that of brain because it constructed from Avicenna to the scientific Enlightenment. The booklet collects essays from students during this promising box of study. It brings jointly students engaged on a similar concerns within the Arabic, Jewish and Western philosophical traditions. This assortment opens up new and engaging views.
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Extra info for Forming the Mind: Essays on the Internal Senses and the Mind Body Problem from Avicenna to the Medical Enlightenment (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind)
IMAGINATION AND EXPERIENCE IN THE SENSORY SOUL 33 Paris, the center of the Western intellectual world. By 1255, all Parisian students were examined on these subjects, and the teaching of the traditional seven liberal arts had been transformed. 27 Both Bacon and Rufus were Franciscans, but Rufus was as humble and obedient as Bacon was defiant and boastful. For fear of committing the sin of intellectual pride, Rufus refused to cite his own work by name. 29 Adam Marsh, whom Bacon described as one of the greatest minds of the age,30 had a high opinion of Richard Rufus’ character and abilities.
Et in homine supervenit ab extrinseco et a creatione anima rationalis, que unitur cogitative primo et immediate... Sed textus Aristotelis Latinus non ostendit nobis hanc distinctionem, nam non expresse fit mentio nisi de sensu communi, et imaginatione, et memoria. Quoniam autem non potest textus Aristotelis, propter perversitatem translationis, intelligi ibi sicut nec alibi quasi ubique; et Avicenna fuit perfectus imitator et expositor Aristotelis atque dux et princeps philosphiae post eum, ut dicit Commentator super capitulum de yride; propter quod sententia Avicenne, que plana et perfecta est, adherendum est” (ed.
Aristotelian common sensibles are movement, rest, number, figure, and magnitude. 418a7–17). For Bacon the nine proper sensibles are light, color, heat, cold, dryness, wetness, sound, odor, taste. Following Alhazen, Bacon adds to the list of five Aristotelian common sensibles: distance, orientation, corporeity, continuity, separation, roughness, smoothness, density, rarity or transparency, shadow, obscurity, beauty, and ugliness. 38 Bacon thinks that common and proper sensibles are not primarily distinguished on the grounds that common sensibles affect more than one sense, while proper sensibles affect only one sense, since for Bacon common sensibles are really apprehended only by one sense, quia utatur ratione, sed quia est ultima perfectio brutorum, sicut ratio in homine, et quia illi immediate unitur anima rationalis in hominibus.