Gandhi and his Jewish Friends by Margaret Chatterjee
By Margaret Chatterjee
Most of Gandhi's affiliates in South Africa have been Jewish. They have been introduced jointly via a typical curiosity in theosophy and have become deeply excited by Gandhi's campaigns, taking care of his affairs whilst he used to be away in London or India. This ebook seems on the organization among the 2 groups.
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34. Gandhi and his Jewish Friends The Transvaal Asiatic Law Amendment Ordinance. The draft was published on 12 August, 1906. Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, VI, p. 115. South Africans usually used the term 'Kaffirs', and Gandhi either used this term or spoke of 'negroes'. Indian merchants referred to them as 'natives' or 'Kaffirs'. Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, IV, p. 347. Quoted by Maureen Swan in her Gandhi- The South African Experience, Ravan Press, Johannesburg, 1985, p. 113. Natal Hansard, July 23, 1907.
The clandestine revolutionary movement in Russia threw up yet another type of idealist, the anarchist. These urban-based popular revolutionaries were often able to ally themselves with students and peasants through secret societies of which they were the natural ideological leaders. Now there were two major factors that made the Eastern Jews leaders of the many-pronged movement in favour of settlement in Palestine. The first was the impact that laws prohibiting ownership of land had on the desire to return to the soil.
5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. A vivid account of the life of the early pedlars is given in Antony Sher's novel Middlepost, Chatto, 1988. Interestingly enough, the early settlers in America were also served by itinerant vendors, not all of whom, however, were Jewish. Vide Chaim Weizmann, Trial and Error, Hamish Hamilton, London, 4th impression, 1950. The Jewish leaning towards the British was not altogether misplaced despite the 'closing of the gates' betrayal of 1939 and 1945, for during the second World War the Afrikaners estranged South African Jews by turning pro-Nazi.