Genizat Germania' - Hebrew and Aramaic Binding Fragments by Andreas (Editor) Lehnardt
By Andreas (Editor) Lehnardt
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Extra resources for Genizat Germania' - Hebrew and Aramaic Binding Fragments from Germany in Context (Studies in Jewish History and Culture)
After the Shoah and World War II, any endeavour to search for and catalogue new fragments in Germany seems to have been impossible. Several eminent scholars who published fragments in prewar Germany had been murdered; others managed to escape Germany at the last minute. The name of Arthur Spanier (1889–1944), a librarian and researcher at the Preussische Staatsbibliothek in Berlin, should be mentioned here. He devoted an entire monograph to a fragment found in that library, although he wrongly identified this parchment 41 Jakob Bassfreund, “Über ein Midrasch-Fragment in der Stadt-Bibliothek zu Trier,” Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums 38 (1894): 167–76, 214– 19; Jakob Bassfreund, “Hebräische Handschriften-Fragmente in der Stadtbibliothek zu Trier,” Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums 39 (1895): 263–271, 295–302, 343–350, 391–98, 492–506.
Like most Augustinian canonical writings, these pictures and several of the manuscripts reflect a certain ambiguity towards Judaism. They were not strictly anti-Jewish, but the Jews’ fate as a people scattered throughout the world was interpreted as a true sign of God’s wrath. Some of the canons of the Windesheimer congregation therefore willingly supported and imposed anti-Jewish decrees, like the infamous decree by Nicolaus Cusanus or the decree from Magdeburg mandating that Jews wear a yellow ring on their clothes.
7 (Kirchheim/Teck: Stadtarchiv, 1988), 117–123. 55 A. N. Z. Roth, “Nusah ‘Al Het’ bi-khtav yad Marburg,” Udim 5 (1974–1975): 147–148. 56 Cf. Kurt Hans Staub, “Palästinische Talmud-Fragmente der Hessischen Landesund Hochschulbibliothek Darmstadt. Kodikologische und handschriftenkundliche Beobachtungen,” Bibliothek und Wissenschaft 28 (1995): 111–115; Theodore Kwasman, Untersuchungen zu Einbandfragmenten und ihre Beziehungen zum Palästinischen Talmud, Veröffentlichungen der Hochschule für Jüdische Studien Heidelberg 1 (Heidelberg: Hochschule für Jüdische Studien, 1986).