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Germans into Jews: Remaking the Jewish Social Body in the by Sharon Gillerman

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By Sharon Gillerman

Germans into Jews turns to a frequently forgotten and misunderstood interval of German and Jewish history—the years among the area wars. it's been assumed that the Jewish neighborhood in Germany was once in decline in the course of the Weimar Republic. yet, Sharon Gillerman demonstrates that Weimar Jews sought to rejuvenate and reconfigure their group as a way either one of strengthening the German kingdom and of constructing a extra expansive and independent Jewish entity in the German country. those bold tasks to extend fertility, extend welfare, and enhance the relations transcended the ideological and non secular divisions that experience often characterised Jewish communal lifestyles. Integrating Jewish historical past, German historical past, gender background, and social background, this publication highlights the experimental and contingent nature of efforts through Weimar Jews to reassert a brand new Jewish particularism whereas concurrently reinforcing their dedication to Germanness.

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Additional resources for Germans into Jews: Remaking the Jewish Social Body in the Weimar Republic (Stanford Studies in Jewish History and Culture)

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Such critics argued that Jews should reduce the artificial divisions between public and private by conceptualizing community more along the lines of an extended family. 97 In this way, the essential idea of the family not only encompassed the Gemeinschaft of parents and children but also was imagined as drawing many others into the family circle without it breaking up. Thus, inherent in the desire to deepen the individual-familycommunity bond among Zionists and non-Zionists alike was the suggestion of eliminating the strict divisions between public and private spheres, which backward-looking prophets of community held to be one of the tainted fruits of modernity.

60 In the eyes of some Jewish social reformers, the growing number of children born outside the bounds of marriage represented yet another symptom of the decline of the family: the weakening of Jewish values, moral weakness, and the unraveling of the social fabric. Perhaps equally important, it also signified a decline in the uniqueness of the Jewish family. As modern Jews had prided themselves on the unique moral qualities of the Jewish family, they often pointed to the low rate of outof-wedlock births within the Jewish community as a sign of Jewish family values and moral strength.

As the Family Goes, So Goes the Nation” As the result of Jews’ distinctive occupational structure and economic profile, the economic crises that beset the Republic tended to exert their impact in ways that were distinct from that of the larger population as a whole. 24 Although Jews were self-employed at a much higher rate than non-Jews, the dramatic rise in the number of Jewish white-collar workers represented a significant exception to this pattern. 27 Old-age pensioners and the self-employed were also overrepresented in the Jewish population, and they too were affected more than other groups as they watched the value of their fixed incomes decline.

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