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Guidelines on food fortification with micronutrients by Lindsay Allen; World Health Organization.; Food and

Posted On March 24, 2017 at 4:07 am by / Comments Off on Guidelines on food fortification with micronutrients by Lindsay Allen; World Health Organization.; Food and

By Lindsay Allen; World Health Organization.; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.; et al

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Fortified foods are also better at lowering the risk of the multiple deficiencies that can result from seasonal deficits in the food supply or a poor quality diet. qxd 14/11/06 16:42 Page 21 1. MICRONUTRIENT MALNUTRITION: A PUBLIC HEALTH PROBLEM lactation with adequate nutrient stores. Fortification can be an excellent way of increasing the content of vitamins in breast milk and thus reducing the need for supplementation in postpartum women and infants. • Fortification generally aims to supply micronutrients in amounts that approximate to those provided by a good, well-balanced diet.

Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) are defined by the United States Food and Nutrition Board and are conceptually the same as the Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI), but may have a slightly different values for some micronutrients. The Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) is the daily intake that meets the nutrient requirements of almost all apparently healthy individuals in an ageand sex-specific population group. It is set at the Estimated Average Requirement plus 2 standard deviations. Safety limit is the greatest amount of a micronutrient that can be safely added to specific foods.

In an attempt to reduce the prevalence of these conditions, a decision was taken to add thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and iron to wheat flour. With the implementation of fortification programmes for these micronutrients during the early 1940s in the United States and in some European countries, these deficiencies largely disappeared (54). While it can be argued that other factors – such as improved dietary diversity – also played a role, enriched flour continues to make an important contribution to meeting recommended nutrient intakes for the B-complex vitamins and iron in these and many other countries today.

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