Houses of Classical Athens by J. Walter Graham
By J. Walter Graham
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To explain a name). She has no personality, nor is there an extended narrative about her. There is not even agreement in our sources on what little we are told about her. 5). There we find she was one of three daughters born to Kranaos by his Lakedaimonian wife, Pedias, daughter of Mynes. The other two were Kranae and Kranaekhme. These details were blatantly designed to create the semblance of reality. None of these people are heard of elsewhere. Atthis, herself, conveniently died a virgin in Apollodoros’ account, whereupon Kranaos named Attika after her.
Commentary These are all the surviving fragments from the Atthidographers on the early history, composition and competence of the important Athenian institution of the Areiopagos. I have treated these issues elsewhere (Androtion: 84–90). As I said there (85), these fragments are important for discussion of all the questions that are raised by ancient and modern scholars (see the review in Wallace 1985: passim) about the Areiopagos, namely, whether it existed before Solon, who could be a member of it and how they were chosen, and whether it had a political role as well as a judicial one.
Though the mythical accounts they adopt show that they traced its foundation to an original competence over homicide trials, at least Androtion (#32), Phanodemos (#34) and Philokhoros (#32, #34) believed it had (or acquired) competence over other transgressions as well (pace Wallace 1985: 189).