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Jewish Scholarship and Culture in Nineteenth-Century by Nils H. Roemer

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By Nils H. Roemer

    German Jews have been totally assimilated and secularized within the 19th century—or so it's in general assumed. In Jewish Scholarship and tradition within the 19th Century, Nils Roemer demanding situations this assumption, discovering that non secular sentiments, suggestions, and rhetoric stumbled on expression via a newly rising theological historicism on the heart of contemporary German Jewish tradition.     Modern German Jewish id constructed in the course of the fight for emancipation, debates approximately non secular and cultural renewal, and battles opposed to anti-Semitism. A key part of this identification was once historic reminiscence, which Jewish students had started to infuse with theological views starting within the 1850s. After German reunification within the early 1870s, Jewish intellectuals reevaluated their enthusiastic embody of liberalism and secularism. with no forsaking the correct of tolerance, they asserted a correct to cultural spiritual distinction for themselves--an perfect they held to much more tightly within the face of starting to be anti-Semitism. This newly re-theologized Jewish background, Roemer argues, helped German Jews fend off anti-Semitic assaults by way of strengthening their very own feel in their tradition and culture.

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6 Zunz recalled in his autobiographical account from the early 1840s that he saw the approaching French armies as a sign of imminent salvation. ” 7 While the removal of emancipation was a profound disappointment, it did not translate itself into disillusionment but rather gave rise to clear expectations regarding the future. The revocation and delay of universal emancipation gave renewed impetus to all those activities that would hasten its onset. Nine years to the day after Prussia’s emancipation edict of March 11, 1812, Eduard Gans assumed the presidency of the Verein and delivered a programmatic speech.

64 Despite these advances in the scholarly elucidation of the Jewish past, German universities did not endorse the idea of chairs for Jewish studies.

Despite this nascent condemnation and the emerging ideological differences, Jewish historians continued to regard Wissenschaft as a tool in the hands of the intellectual elite and not an educational force. In this respect, it functioned as “historische Aufklärung” (enlightenment through history) with 35 36   the purpose of elucidating Judaism’s true essence and countering its biased representation in the German public. It was only during the late 1830s and 1840s that the first efforts to popularize Jewish history were made in the form of textbook histories.

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