Jewish Scribes in the Second-Temple Period (Jsot Supplement by Christine Schams
By Christine Schams
Magazine for the learn of the outdated testomony complement sequence, 291>
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Extra info for Jewish Scribes in the Second-Temple Period (Jsot Supplement Series, 291)
16. Cf. M. H. Cockle and F. Millar, 'Papyrology of the Roman Near East: A Survey', JRS 85 (1995), pp. 214-35. 17 However, it is apparent that Jewish inscriptions stand in marked contrast to their non-Jewish counterparts. 18 The vast majority of Jewish inscriptions from the period under consideration are epitaphs which, for obvious reasons, only offer limited information. Nevertheless, inscriptions which offer more than a name provide some data on professions, positions and functions, Jewish participation in city life, the use of languages, beliefs, hopes, ideals and values.
Acts), 266-68 (summary). 94. Saldarini, Pharisees, pp. 264-66. 95. In this Saldarini follows M. Fishbane, Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985) (cf. Saldarini, Pharisees, pp. 247-49). 96. Saldarini, Pharisees, pp. 242, 273. 98 This is problematic since educated, literate men who could read and write were not necessarily professional scribes or designated with this title. All functions associated with scribes and literate, educated men are combined into his notion of scribes.
Information about society can nevertheless be gained from the Mishna and Tosefta. Legal discussions frequently reveal social assumptions about society and, in some cases, rabbinic law simply describes what was common practice in the Near East and provides legal justification for a long-established practice. 15 In short, it must be determined for each tradition to what extent it reflects the historical realities of Jewish society of either the late Second-Temple or post-70 period. Jewish Documentary Sources A large number of Jewish documentary papyri, parchments and ostraca dating from the Second-Temple period and the following centuries have been found.