Knowledge and Technology Transfer for Plant Pathology by E. Boa (auth.), Nigel Hardwick, Maria Lodovica Gullino
By E. Boa (auth.), Nigel Hardwick, Maria Lodovica Gullino (eds.)
This ebook includes fuller types of the papers and posters provided within the wisdom and expertise move and instructing Plant Pathology periods on the 9th overseas Congress of Plant Pathology held in Turin, Italy in 2008.
Extension/advisory plant pathology and educating are approximately relationships: the connection among the consultant and grower and the trainer and pupil. it really is concerning the build up of belief within the suggestion given and the passion of, and strategies utilized by, the trainer. Extension plant pathology were defined as ‘plant pathology with a human face’. it really is facets of those own relationships which are explored during this ebook. additionally lined are the worth of participation in selection making, plant clinics and instructing techniques, either in and at universities.
The booklet is aimed toward those that be interested in delivering recommendation to farmers and growers and in educating the topic to people who are to supply that suggestion.
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We also conducted focus group interviews with small groups of students after they had completed the course in order to understand better why they found particular methods or media useful or ineffective. In this study we found that many of the instructional methods and media were perceived as useful by students of all learning styles, majors and genders. It is important to note that these are the students’ perceptions rather than independent measures of the usefulness of different methods and media, and student perceptions may differ from what actually impacts their learning.
If the solutions are not well explained, or the farmer does not understand ‘how’ or ‘why’ a strategy is supposed to work, their implementation will inevitably be poor. The single formula ‘take it or leave it’ approach to extension does not promote farmer involvement or investment of time with the farmer to ensure that the management option is well understood and implemented properly. For the extension worker the one visit and the ‘how to’ book, or pamphlet, is the end of the extension agent’s duty.
One particularly interesting development is where farmers start doing research in their own fields on unresolved problems. Facilitators and resource persons should continue to be key here in supporting the process of selecting comparable treatments as well as the process of trial design, trial monitoring and trial evaluation. 2 Rational pesticide use in a perennial crop In Cameroon, smallholder cocoa farmers regularly apply fungicides to control cocoa black pod, caused by Phytophthora. When farmers use pesticides in cocoa, the tendency is to spray until run-off, which is inefficient and ineffective.