Lasithi: A History of Settlement on a Highland Plain in by L. Vance Watrous

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By L. Vance Watrous

This e-book is the end result of a undertaking all started in 1973 with a radical survey of the Lasithi simple in Crete; it files and discusses the historical past of old payment during this wealthy valley excessive up within the Diktaian mountain diversity. The center of the e-book is a survey of archaeological facts for payment within the Neolithic to past due Roman sessions, however the writer additionally extends his paintings to later classes. the world used to be exploited via the Venetians within the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as a resource of grain, and the writer attracts on documentary proof to explain their agricultural practices—many of that have prolonged into the fashionable period.

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VI, San MarcoLibrary;Spanakis,pp. 35-72 and note 238. 17These settlements around the plain were shown on a map of Lasithi (PI. 18Settlements at Marmaketo (Marmachioti),Agios Konstantinos (Costatin), and Agios Georgios (Zorsi), and the warehouse (Magazeno) of the Venetian tax officialwere identified by name. A number of natural features were also named. The path from Candia was shown wending its way up the valley of Cardamuzaand over the pass at Selli. The depiction of forests as small wooded patches on the mountains may indicate the extent of deforestation.

14. 7S. Spanakis,MVi1Eu'ia Tr7j Kp7JTLK7S laropia III, Herakleion1953, p. 58. 26 III. 8The colonists were granted 368 boudeesof unclaimed land. In turn, the settlers were exempt from corveelabor (on the constructionof the walls of Candia and in the fleet) and the ten-percent government tax. The Senate also ordered the Candiagovernment to see that these new fields doubled the grain yield from Lasithi. In a Senate document9 of 1545, ten settlers were per grant, with the obligation of turning over half given land averaging550 mozozouria their wheat harvest to the grainwarehousein Candia,for which they were to be paid up to eight gazettesper mouzouriof wheat.

4. V 422-426 H 224-226. AJA 11, 1896, p. 455; Taramelli, "Ricerchearcheologichecretesi," p. 407; "Trapeza,"p. 10; ILN, 1938, p. 384, and CCO, pp. 113-114 and note 1. Maps 11-13. This large settlement of the Protogeometric-Archaicperiod is located on the ridge one kilometer north of Pinakiano (PI. 15:a). Seventy meters above the plain, the site looks down on the pass of Selli (PI. 2:a), the naturalentrance to Lasithi from the north. Walls and pottery are found on the ridgetop and on the south and east slopes over a total area of 200 x 400 m.

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