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Les Commentaires de Simplicius et de Jean Philopon a la by Golitsis Pantelis

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By Golitsis Pantelis

In Greek past due Antiquity philosophy outlined itself principally throughout the interpretation of authoritative texts reminiscent of Plato's dialogues or the treatises of Aristotle. This paintings appears to be like on the final overdue vintage commentaries on Aristotle's Physics, the pagan Simplicius and the Christian Philoponus (both sixth cent. AD). Golitsis demonstrates how in a different way the 2 contemporaries interpreted the philosophical culture and the way this led them to deducedifferent routes to discovering the reality.

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369 – 385, en particulier p. 379), voulant faire entendre que Philopon Øtait pour lui une quantitØ nØgligeable. Une telle interprØtation ignore le contexte et contredit lintention mÞme de Simplicius qui ne veut pas Þtre accusØ dhumeur querelleuse (vikomeij_a). Or, faire entendre quun homme est tellement nØgligeable quil est comme si on ne le connaît pas, alors quon le connaît, cest prØcisØment faire preuve de « vikomeij_a ». 46 A. Cameron « The Last Days of the Academy at Athens », Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 195 (1969), p.

41 – 56. 26 Chapitre 1. 1 La carri›re de Philopon et son Øvolution philosophique Les indices chronologiques de ses oeuvres permettent de reconstituer avec beaucoup de vraisemblance le parcours de Philopon à Alexandrie. ChrØtien de naissance, Jean Philopon sadonna dabord à des Øtudes de grammaire et il doit avoir assurØ assez tôt, probablement d›s 510 – il devait avoir à lØpoque entre vingt et vingt-cinq ans –, un enseignement de grammaire. De fait, la plupart des manuscrits portant ses ouvrages lui donnent le titre de grammairien, et cest ainsi que Simplicius lui-mÞme le dØsigne apr›s avoir lu le contra Aristotelem.

En effet, il (scil. Anaxagore) disait quil (scil. 25 – 27 : t± aqt± ja· 1p· t_m jo¼vym 1qoOlem· ja· to¼toir c±q eXr tºpor jat± v¼sim, B jo¸kg t/r sekgmiaj/r sva¸qar 1piv²meia. « Nous dirons la mÞme chose pour les corps lØgers aussi ; en effet, pour eux aussi, il y a un seul lieu par nature, la surface concave de la sph›re lunaire ». Pour ce qui est du (1) et du (2), il faut dire que Philopon na jamais soutenu que la terre ou le lieu sont infinis, ni il na niØ que le lieu enveloppe (ou contienne) ce qui est en lui ; ce quil a niØ, cest que ce lieu enveloppant (ou contenant) puisse Þtre une limite, comme la pensØ Aristote.

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