Licensing Theory and French Parasitic Gaps by Christine Tellier (auth.)
By Christine Tellier (auth.)
The learn of parasitic hole structures (e. g. those are the reviews; that you corrected _; sooner than submitting _i) has been a truly full of life quarter of study during the last decade. The impetus in the back of this lies often within the margi nality of the development. basically, the intuitions that local audio system have approximately parasitic gaps don't stem from direct guideline; consequently, it really is reasoned, such wisdom follows from the limitations imposed through common Grammar. in addition, it truly is not going that any precept of common Grammar refers in particular to parasitic hole buildings; their syntactic and interpretive homes needs to in its place persist with fullyyt from self sufficient rules. my very own curiosity within the phenomenon was once sparked many years in the past, whilst, in a singular, I came upon a sentence just like the following: Chait un armateur; dont Ie status _; reposait largement sur los angeles fortune _;, 'he was once a shipbuilder of whom the status used to be principally in accordance with the wealth'. because the indices point out, the translation of the French sentence is un ambiguous: either the status and the wealth inevitably pertain to an identical person. during this element, the sentence a lot resembles the English parasitic hole development above: within the former case too, the comple ments of right and dossier needs to corefer with the noun word heading the relative (the reports). but, there's a huge distinction among the 2 buildings. Verbs like right and dossier subcategorize their com plements.
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Thus null VPs can function as D-Structure predicates, as requiredY I have argued that null elements, since they do not bear an inherent index, cannot function as predicates at D-Structure. Hence, if they are not licensed otherwise (or if they do not acquire an index at that level), null maximal projections in A' -positions are ruled out by the ULP applying at D-Structure. I now tum to the case of base-generated null operators, which I will show are subject to the same requirement. 2. Adjunct Null Operators.
Mary came back happy/running/*run b. The children made [Judith cry/happy/*laughing] I ignore the refinements which are necessary in order to account for these restrictions on predicate types; for recent discussion and proposals, see Rapoport (1989), Gueron and Hoekstra (1990), and the references cited there. Chomsky'S (1986a) licensing requirements are thus reformulated under the ULP in the following way: 8 (16) A maximal projection is licensed through: a. 8-assignment: as a 8-assigner or as an argument (a 8assignee) b.
Chomsky (1986a: 96f) suggests that Predication is a form of O-marking; furthermore Roberts (1988) shows that, on the assumption that a strict structural relationship holds between predicates and their subjects, the position occupied by adjunct predicates forces the conclusion that Predication relations are established at D-Structure. These considerations indicate that predicates must be licensed at levels which have no direct connection with the interpretive components, levels which, in other words, do not faIl under the intuitive scope of the PFI.