Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert
By Gustave Flaubert
Variation enrichie de Thierry Laget comportant une préface et un file sur le roman.
C'est l'histoire d'une femme mal mariée, de son médiocre époux, de ses amants égoïstes et vains, de ses rêves, de ses chimères, de sa mort. C'est l'histoire d'une province étroite, dévote et bourgeoise. C'est, aussi, l'histoire du roman français. Rien, dans ce tableau, n'avait de quoi choquer los angeles société du moment Empire. Mais, inexorable comme une tragédie, flamboyant comme un drame, mordant comme une comédie, le livre s'était donné une arme redoutable : le kind. Pour ce vrai crime, Flaubert se retrouva en correctionnelle.
Aucun roman n'est blameless : celui-là moins qu'un autre. Lire Madame Bovary, au XXIe siècle, c'est affronter le scandale que représente une œuvre aussi sincère qu'impérieuse. Dans chacune de ses words, Flaubert a versé une dose de cet arsenic dont Emma Bovary s'empoisonne : c'est un livre offensif, corrosif, dont l'ironie outrage toutes nos valeurs, et l. a. littérature même, qui ne s'en est jamais vraiment remise.
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Extra resources for Madame Bovary
He is nursed by his brother William and William舗s wife, Alice, and the three return to North America. William, also ill, dies shortly thereafter. James visits New York, where he receives psychiatric care. 1911 In August he returns to England. 1914 James begins work on two novels, The Ivory Tower and The Sense of the Past, which he will not complete before his death. 1915 James舗s health deteriorates. He becomes a British subject. 1916 On New Year舗s Day he receives the Order of Merit. On February 28 Henry James dies.
James made no substantive textual changes in the New York Edition of Wings comparable, for example, to what he did with The Portrait of a Lady, in which he made significant alterations, including most notably changes in the novel舗s ending, or with some of the other works that he drastically revised. In Wings, in addition to correcting mistakes, he sharpened the language of the text, by substituting more active and concrete images, and made his symbols more truly poetic. This Barnes & Noble Classics edition is based on the 1909 New York Edition and incorporates a small number of additional editorial changes made by subsequent scholars.
In demonstrating the force of her character by showing how she affects the others, James dramatizes her the more, just as he does with the figure of Mrs. Newsome in The Ambassadors (who never actually appears in the novel). Milly舗s presence is powerfully felt even in her absence. She animates the other characters; they are at first preoccupied with trying to figure her out and then they scheme to use her for their own purposes. Her seeming victimhood is demonstrated by the way the others constantly plot behind her back.