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Marathon 490 BC : the first Persian invasion of Greece by Nicholas Sekunda

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By Nicholas Sekunda

The tale of the Marathon crusade is an epic of the traditional global. while the Ionian Greeks revolted opposed to their Persian overlords in 499BC, the towns of Athens and Eretria got here to their relief. The Persian King Darius swore vengeance and in 490BC a fleet of six hundred ships filled with troops used to be despatched to take revenge at the Athenians. At Marathon the Greeks met the Persians in conflict and drove them in rout again to their ships. the ethical impression of this victory used to be huge, immense - for the 1st time a Greek military had defeated the Persians and validated the prevalence of hoplite tactics.

The tale of the Marathon crusade is an epic of the traditional global. whilst the Ionian Greeks revolted opposed to their Persian overlords in 499BC, the towns of Athens and Eretria got here to their relief. The Persian King Darius swore vengeance and in 490BC a fleet of six hundred ships jam-packed with troops used to be despatched to take revenge at the Athenians. At Marathon the Greeks met the Persians in conflict and drove them in rout again to their ships. the ethical impact of this victory used to be huge, immense - for the 1st time a Greek military had defeated the Persians and confirmed the prevalence of hoplite strategies. Nicolas Sekunda's e-book discusses probably the most well-known battles of the traditional global, and sheds new mild in this vital aspect within the epic fight among Persia and the Greek city-states.

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23). Pausanias adds that a river flows out of this lake towards the sea. It is fresh enough to be drunk by cattle near the lake, but becomes salty and full of salt-water fish near its mouth. The Persians probably established their camp here on Schoinias Beach (Van Der Veer 298-9). Plutarch (Mor. 305B) says they camped and made war on the local population. Demosthenes (59. 94) also says they ravaged the area. N e w s o f t h e l a n d i n g re a c h e s A t h e n s News of the Persian landing at Marathon probably reached Athens on the 8th day of Metageitnion, the second month of the Athenian lunar calendar.

Trustees British Museum) 60 It seems that General Sir Frederick Maurice was the first to suggest that the opposing lines were drawn up perpendicular to the coast rather than parallel. He believed that the Persians would have drawn their line up on the Charadra, taking advantage of its steep banks, which are as much as 18ft high in places (Pritchett 1960, 156). I follow Pritchett in the belief that the Charadra flowed into the Great Marsh in antiquity, so I do not think that this could have been a consideration.

9) mentions that Themistokles, though only a young man, distinguished himself in the battle for his heroism, giving the first indication of his future greatness as a military leader. In fact Themistokles was born about 528, so would have been 38 when the battle was fought. He had already held the office of archon in 493, so there is no reason why he may not have served as strategos for Leontis in 490. Miltiades would have been strategos of the tribe Oineis (VI) but no source states where this tribe stood in the line.

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