Moral Character: An Empirical Theory by Christian B. Miller
By Christian B. Miller
Christian Miller provides a brand new account of ethical personality. so much of our associates, colleagues, or even kin will not be virtuous humans. they don't have virtues corresponding to compassion, honesty, or braveness. yet even as, they don't seem to be vicious humans both. they don't have vices corresponding to cruelty, dishonesty, or cowardice. as an alternative most folks this day have characters which don't qualify as both virtuous or vicious. they've got many optimistic ethical gains, but in addition many unfavourable ones too. Our characters are decidedly combined, and are even more complicated than we'd have thought.
On the single hand, many people may kill an blameless individual in an issue of mins stressed from an expert determine as a part of a psychology learn. Or we'd faux not to see anyone cave in from an obvious middle assault around the highway. Or we'd make a large circle round a persons dropped papers instead of cease to aid decide them up. but it's also actual that many folks might support someone else once we are by way of ourselves and listen to sounds of a non-ambiguous emergency within the subsequent room. Or we'd come to the help of a pal while feeling empathy for her desire, and accomplish that for altruistic instead of egoistic purposes.
In Moral personality: An Empirical Theory Miller outlines a brand new photo of our ethical personality which includes what are known as combined personality characteristics. This photograph may also help make experience of the way so much folks are lower than virtuous humans but in addition morally greater than the vicious.
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Extra info for Moral Character: An Empirical Theory
So when I say that Smith is dishonest, I am evaluating him as a person in a negative way, at least in that one respect. (e) Imitation: Character traits are a basis upon which to imitate another person and cultivate positive traits while avoiding negative ones. 24 For example, if I know that Jane is a highly artistic home designer, then I can understand something important about her, be able to partially explain why she behaves in certain ways, predict to some extent what she would likely do in certain contexts, evaluate her when it comes to this domain, and even imitate her if I aspire to excellence in this area of my life.
So while they are neither virtues nor vices, there is no reason to preclude these dispositions from counting as character traits. They are dispositions to feel and (subsequently) act in certain ways. They play the ﬁve functional roles outlined for character traits. They obviously consist of clusters of mental state dispositions. They can lead to behavior which is both stable and crosssituationally consistent. The claim that there are numerous character traits which are neither virtues nor vices, is not meant to be a merely academic observation.
Similarly, there is some evidence that guilt can arise just as strongly in response to accidental transgressions, which again is not in line with (iii) (Baumeister et al. 1994: 249). See Baumeister et al. 1994 for a thorough discussion of the complexities involved here. Nor are these conditions proposed as jointly sufﬁcient. Some psychologists, for instance, stress the role of punishment in guilt (Kugler and Jones 1992: 325, Caprara et al. 2001, and ZemackRugar et al. 2007: 929; for criticism see Baumeister et al.