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Norms in technology by Sven Ove Hansson, Anthonie W. M. Meijers, Marc J. de Vries

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By Sven Ove Hansson, Anthonie W. M. Meijers, Marc J. de Vries (auth.), Marc J. de Vries, Sven Ove Hansson, Anthonie W.M. Meijers (eds.)

This ebook is a particular fusion of philosophy and expertise, delineating the normative panorama that informs today’s applied sciences and tomorrow’s innovations. The authors learn what we deem to be the interior norms that govern our ever-expanding technical universe. spotting that advancements in know-how and engineering actually create our human destiny, remodeling latest wisdom into tomorrow’s instruments and infrastructure, they chart the normative standards we use to judge novel technological artifacts: how, for instance, will we pass judgement on a ‘good’ from a ‘bad’ specialist method or nuclear strength plant? in addition to those ‘functional’ norms, and the norms that consultant technological wisdom and reasoning, the publication examines mostly agreed benchmarks in protection and possibility aid, which play a pivotal function in engineering practice.

Informed by means of the middle perception that, in expertise and engineering, real wisdom referring to, for instance, to the houses of fabrics or the load-bearing features of differing development designs isn't sufficient, this research follows the customarily unseen foundations upon which applied sciences rest—the norms that advisor the inventive forces shaping the technical panorama to come back. The publication, a entire survey of those rising issues within the philosophy of expertise, clarifies the position those norms (epistemological, sensible, and risk-assessing) play in technological innovation, and the results they've got for our figuring out of technological knowledge.

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To appreciate the width of the resulting class of rules (disregarding, for the moment, the first problem), consider dietary restrictions. These fall under Bunge’s notion of rules, since they are instructions to prepare or eat foods in certain ways in order to, for example, reduce blood pressure. A diet that minimises sodium consumption consists of a prescribed (in this case also proscribed) series of actions. N. Houkes prescribing the diet is based on knowledge of the composition of food, the physiological effects of sodium, etc.

These fall under Bunge’s notion of rules, since they are instructions to prepare or eat foods in certain ways in order to, for example, reduce blood pressure. A diet that minimises sodium consumption consists of a prescribed (in this case also proscribed) series of actions. N. Houkes prescribing the diet is based on knowledge of the composition of food, the physiological effects of sodium, etc. The same goes for rules such as ‘If you are caught in a thunderstorm, avoid trees and large bodies of water and roll up in a ball’.

1998. Epistemology: The big questions. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. W. 1997. Laws of nature, natural history, and the description of the world. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11: 245–258. M. ). 2009. Philosophy of technology and engineering sciences, 1st edn. (Handbook philosophy of science), vol. 9, 1453 pp. Amsterdam: North Holland Mitcham, C. 1994. Thinking through technology; The path between engineering and philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press (Chapter 8: “Types of technology as knowledge”).

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