Organizational Systems: Managing Complexity with the Viable by Raul Espejo
By Raul Espejo
This publication clarifies the applying of cybernetic rules, fairly these of Beer's achievable approach version, to organizational prognosis and layout. Readers discover ways to have fun with the relevance of seeing the systemic coherence of the area. The publication argues that a number of the difficulties we adventure this day are routed in our perform of fragmenting that that should be hooked up as a complete. It deals a mode to check and layout corporations and a technique to accommodate implementation difficulties. it's the final result of a long time of operating event with govt workplaces in addition to with all types of private and non-private organisations. At a extra precise point this ebook bargains a detailed dialogue of sort engineering that's not on hand both within the basic or secondary literature.
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Additional resources for Organizational Systems: Managing Complexity with the Viable System Model
This distinction between variety and complexity is particularly significant. While variety measures the situation’s potentiality, complexity measures its actuality. The fact that the number of possible states of any situation is huge (as we will illustrate below) is a measurement of the almost limitless number of behavioural 3 On Complexity: How to Measure It? 37 possibilities we have in producing a situation, something which opens the space for creative design. On the other hand, it also shows the large complexity we have to manage, something which opens the space for unilateral restriction and domination.
It is precisely in this sense that an organization can be visualized as a closed network of recurrent individual relations. Notice that although the conversation model here is based on a request made by A to B, the same structure holds in a conversation where A makes an offer to B. It should be clear by now how recurrent conversations among individuals may produce stable relations, which, in turn, may produce relationships as we will explain in Chap. 5. But, notice that at the same time, the values, norms and beliefs emerging from these relationships, and shared by individuals, define their cultural context and provide a powerful influence on the way individual conversations take place in the organization.
In his book What is Life, Erwin Shr€odinger suggested that this problem could be better understood if approached from the point of view of a communication mechanism at the molecular level from one ‘individual’ to the other (Shr€ odinger 1944). This is precisely the reason why nowadays scientists talk about the genetic ‘code’ and of being able to break this code to reveal the ‘language’ of the human genome (Marshall 1997). This short historical detour should make evident the importance of Shannon’s model to the current and broad understanding of the phenomenon of communication.