Philo of Alexandria: An Exegete for His Time by Peder Borgen

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By Peder Borgen

Philo's writings are a entire and demanding resource of overdue moment Temple Judaism. This quantity provides vital insights into his exegetical works. The constitution of the books and their exegetical rules are obvious the following as being heavily attached and his writings are analyzed opposed to the historical past of the heritage, type and outlook of Alexandrian Jewry. Philo's exegesis is a gathering position among Jewish and Greek notions and concepts; tensions are mirrored, similar to these among particularism and universalism, among particular macro- and micro-cosmic ideas, and among heavenly ascents and interpreted historical past and eschatology. furthermore, glimpses are won of neighborhood lifestyles in a Hellenistic Jewish neighborhood, specifically of matters at the borderline among Jews and their non-Jewish atmosphere. New testomony fabric illuminates Philo's broader Jewish context, and in flip Philo throws gentle on New testomony backgrounds.

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Extra resources for Philo of Alexandria: An Exegete for His Time

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Philo knows of the Atlantic Ocean, Ebr. 133. Acts 8:26-39; Immut. 174; Flat. 43, etc. 27 PHILO AND HIS WORLD Luke joins Philo in regarding J e r u s a l e m , Athens a n d R o m e as the m a i n centers of the world. Both in the Gospel a n d in Acts Luke is very occupied with J e r u s a l e m . Both Luke a n d Philo tell a b o u t people c o m i n g to worship in the T e m p l e of J e r u s a l e m . Philo shows h o w J e w s from all the world m e e t a n d enjoy fellowship in J e r u s a l e m , a n d Luke informs us that J e w s from all n a d o n s live in J e r u s a l e m .

21). It is surprising, however, that he n a m e s very few of the locations of Egypt. H e tells that the Nile flows from Ethiopia t h r o u g h the whole of Egypt, a n d that the Egyptians have deified it. cont. 22). A few Egyptian towns a n d cities, such as M e m p h i s , a r e m e n ­ tioned as places of history. 25 26 27 At times Philo can express positive appraisals of the Egyptians. T h e y are m e n of high learning, as teachers of arithmetic, geometry, the love of m e t r e , r h y t h m a n d h a r m o n y , etc.

C . C. ) invaded Egypt, b u t h a d to w i t h d r a w u p o n the u l t i m a t u m given h i m by the R o m a n envoy Popilius L a e n a s . W h e n the relation between J e r u s a l e m a n d the Seleucid occupants grew tense, pro-Ptolemaic sympathies developed in the city, a n d shortly before the M a c c a b e a n revolt, which started against the Seleucid gov­ e r n m e n t in 167, m a n y J e w s emigrated to Egypt. O f special importance is the emigration of O n i a s of the high priesdy family in J e r u s a l e m , p r o b a b l y a b o u t 1 6 2 - 1 6 0 B .

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