Proximity and Distance: Medieval Hebrew and Arabic Poetry by Author Yosef Tobi

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By Author Yosef Tobi

The 1st steps in Hebrew secular poetry came about round the flip of the 9th century, lower than the effect of up to date Arabic poetry. This influence used to be so nice that a few researchers, incorrectly, outline the Hebrew poetry as a faculty that is specified from the Arabic tuition simply by way of advantage of its Hebrew language. even if, how one can the essence of medieval Hebrew poetry isn't just by way of revealing and describing its ties with Arabic poetry but additionally by way of making a choice on the categorical features in which it stubbornly unusual itself from its Arabic contemporaries. This leading edge serious method is the primary function of this booklet.

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He was the first to publish a fine scholarly edition of the work of a Spanish poet, Todros Abù-al-'Àfiya ( Jerusalem 1932/7), and he wrote many articles on medieval poetry (mainly on the work of Sh6mu"el Ha-Nagid). But his masterwork is his textbook tydrpsh hryçh trwt (Introduction to the Hebrew Poetry of the Spanish Period, Jerusalem 1940), still today considered one of the basic texts in the field; he alone dealt with the rhetoric of medieval secular Hebrew poetry. Yelin drew attention to the Arab badì ' doctrine in Jewish literature, and all who approach Hebrew poetry rely on him for its understanding and interpretation.

He seems to be referring to the Arab badì' doctrine when he writes69 that From the Middle Ages to the beginning of modern times predominant among us has been the antiquated ‘craft of the poem’ (ryçh tkalm), which deserves treatment as a separate subject of research (historical, psychological); still, it has not entirely disappeared from the writings of our critics. For several years now in Europe a powerful ferment has been felt in the field of literary criticism. Fairly successful attempts have been made to bridge the generations and to test early works of literature with modern tools.

25–34; Zemach 1973, pp. 11–21; Tsur 1987, pp. 16–19. 70 research on the affinity 25 in form and rhetoric but also in motifs and content. This was argued by Goldenthal, Yahuda, and Yosef in earlier generations. Levin devoted his comprehensive essay M6'il Tashbeß to the varied genres prevalent in Hebrew poetry in Spain in comparison with the same genres in Arabic poetry. Ezra Fleischer has recently expressed some reservations about the sweeping assertion that all the changes that occurred in Hebrew poetry in the tenth century were influenced by the Arabic poetry.

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