Regionalization and Security in Southern Africa by N. Poku
By N. Poku
As soon as torn by way of ideological conflicts and the dominance of command economies, Southern Africa is now relocating in the direction of monetary liberalization and openness. mostly, the ascendancy of "market economies" is said by way of its governments, albeit with assorted levels of enthusiasm. Theoretically wealthy and empirically enticing, this well timed ebook deals a serious perception into the consequent debate on regionalism and the method of regionalization in sector.
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Extra resources for Regionalization and Security in Southern Africa (International Political Economy)
In the late 1940s, General Smuts, for example, was attracted to the idea of pan-African cooperation and he urged that relations on the continent be conducted ‘in the spirit of a small League of Nations’. 15 Such a statement should be seen in the context of the time: South Africa’s key relationship was with European colonial powers. 16 This would have given South Africa a hand in plotting Africa’s future course. The Union of South Africa thus pioneered the sense of assumed superiority which concluded its dominance of the subcontinent, a mantle imbued, perhaps, by the awarding of the South West African (Namibian) mandate to the Union in 1919.
And what has replaced it? These are the two questions at the heart of this chapter. Apartheid Like Fascism, Nazism and Communism, Apartheid as an ideology was based on a particular understanding of history and a perception of how the future should be constructed. The theorists of apartheid drew upon a legacy of cultural nationalists who believed in a Godgiven mission of the Afrikaner people. The Afrikaans language, the Calvinist theology of the Dutch Reformed Church and the tales of the Great Trek bestowed a sentiment of unique identity whose destiny apartheid was meant to protect.
The South African reaction to these developments was the creation of the Constellation of Southern African States (CONSAS). The pursuit of the idea of a constellation was Botha’s major foreign policy initiative and was given the same priority as his predecessor’s dialogue and détente moves. 44 The constellation idea engendered considerable support, notably among South Africa’s business community and politicians. This ‘establishment’ enthusiasm for the notion of CONSAS must be seen against the background of South Africa and Southern Africa: Colonialism and its Legacies 31 southern Africa’s international position.