Science, Technology and European Cultural Heritage. by N. S. Baer, C. Sabbioni, A. I. Sors

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By N. S. Baer, C. Sabbioni, A. I. Sors

This booklet includes the up to date complaints of the ecu Symposium ''Science, expertise and eu Cultural Heritage'', which used to be held in Bologna, Italy, 13-16 June 1989. It used to be geared up by way of the fee of the eu groups' Directorate common for technology, study and improvement, in organization with the nationwide study Council (CNR) of Italy, and shaped a part of the collage of Bologna 9th Centenary Celebrations. The Symposium introduced jointly greater than four hundred humans from in the ecu neighborhood, from different components of Europe, from North the United States and past; a lot of them across the world well-known scientists, conservators, artwork historians, and designers. additionally engaging have been employees of nationwide and foreign organizations. The Symposium had a couple of very important and vast ambitions, as follows: to evaluate the most important difficulties during this box and the function of technology and know-how of their resolution; to spot and talk about the most examine and improvement concerns that are universal to a variety of cultural historical past difficulties and to extend the coherence of present efforts throughout this multi-disciplinary box; to reinforce the applicability of study and improvement to this box via greater matching with the true wishes of conservators, restorers, coverage makers and most people; to catalyze the advance of a ecu study group during this box; and to suggest particular learn and improvement instructions for the long run, together with the availability of a systematic foundation for ecu neighborhood guidelines on atmosphere and tradition. towards those goals, a wide-ranging and versatile medical programme was once ready, together with invited state-of-the artwork studies, illustrative case experiences, panel discussions and poster displays. established upon this fabric, the booklet additionally contains an introductory evaluation of the severe matters with regards to medical and technical points of the security and conservation of eu cultural background

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P. Rossi of ISMES Bergamo Italy, on nondestructive methods of analysing the mechanical characteristics of masonry construction using special thin flat jacks is a valuable contribution in this field (5). In the field of seismic engineering we face some of the greatest difficulties in assessing resistance to an earthquake which may have come frome any direction and have widely different characteristics. Introduction of strong elements made from reinforced concrete may be destructive. Upgrading and repairs may cause the historic building to loose its authenticity and if badly conceived one may be left with only the strengthening elements after an earthquake.

Let me mention two dates: In 1939 : fifty years ago, Italy set up the Istituto Centrale del Restauro where for the first time a painter about to restore a picture could receive special training in this field; In 1964 : some 25 years ago, Italy and the University of Rome opened the first school to provide special training for architects who were going to restore historical monuments. Today, 25 years later, we have perhaps arrived at the right time to provide special training - and why not at the European level?

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY The professional inspecting the historic building must understand it as a structural, spatial environmental system. Why is a building described as a structural spatial environmental system? In reply to this question given to a course on architectural conservation in Pakistan, Raschid Aslam Makdhum wrote : "Although each building is unique, it can be studied and described as being composed of three main systems: a) Structural system: comprising of materials of construction and structural elements.

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