Security and Safety in Los Angeles High Rise Building After by Rae Archibald
By Rae Archibald
Within the wake of September eleven, the authors determine primary terrorism threats to, and exemplary practices used to defend, high-rise structures in la and somewhere else; talk about power responses after an occasion; and recommend arrangements that neighborhood govt and the non-public quarter will need to give some thought to. The development vendors and bosses organization of better la and the workplace of the town legal professional, Rocky Delgadillo, requested RAND to supply a examine at the threats to and attainable responses from the proprietors and bosses of la high-rise structures within the aftermath of 9-11. town attorney's place of work used to be additionally attracted to power public coverage alterations or courses that govt may possibly adopt to enhance the safety and security of occupants of high-rise constructions in la. This documented briefing identifies favourite threats and exemplary practices in l. a. and in other places (selecting Chicago as an example), discusses power activities after an occasion, and indicates power arrangements that neighborhood executive and the personal quarter will need to think of. techniques for la comprise reviewing evacuation plans and exercise them often, undertaking and frequently updating vulnerability and danger exams, constructing protocols and practical drills for reaction, instructing tenants approximately their obligations, and profiting from either low-technology and high-technology safety features. 450-character summary: within the wake of September eleven, the authors establish usual terrorism threats to, and exemplary practices used to guard, high-rise constructions in la and in different places; speak about power responses after an occasion; and recommend arrangements that neighborhood executive and the non-public zone will need to think about. cp
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It is unclear whether a large visible camera that is not working is intended to “lull” a perpetrator into believing a -27- property is unprotected when in fact modern, invisible equipment has been installed elsewhere, or whether a nonworking camera represents a true security lapse. Because cameras have some potential deterrence effect and substantial forensic value, all owners and security managers should thoroughly assess their camera systems. -28- Understanding Existing Security Practices and Technologies (continued) • Prevention measures (continued) − Access control • Limiting points of entry • Access cards/turnstiles • Visitor control − Subterranean parking control • Automated access control • Supplemented with guards • Valet only • Visitor control • Vehicle search Access control is the most extensively used security measure.
The question is whether we should do more to harden a target. Some sense of context is required. The types of security options available above may be too costly and yield too little benefit given the nature of the threats with which building security is concerned. -37- A Context for Existing Security Measures • Prevention measures − Prevention measures aimed at lower consequence threats (western portion of the risk reduction matrix) • Those are threats of least concern − Building owners and managers can do little to prevent high consequence attacks • Most prevention measures fall to government • Especially true of high consequence threats − Prevention security measures are most effective when aimed at specific threats • Specific threats may be unknown • Knowledge of specific threats may not be timely transferred • Threats of concern may change rapidly − Utility of some increased prevention measures may be less than expected The prevention measures implemented in the wake of 9/11 have centered on access control and subterranean parking control, and, to a lesser extent, internal and exterior awareness.
Specifically, tenants can aid in the following areas: perimeter awareness by notifying security of suspicious cars or vans, access control and internal control by ensuring that nobody “piggy backs” their card swipes at an entrance point or in an elevator, and internal awareness by notifying security of suspicious people or packages inside the building. Tenants can also assist security by timely reporting of anticipated deliveries or visitors. Finally, tenants can help ward off the threats posed by insiders by heeding the advice of security personnel and experts regarding the importance of conducting, and how to conduct, background checks on prospective employees.