Social Security and Solidarity in the European Union: Facts, by Lei Delsen, Nicolette van Gestel (auth.), Dr. Joos P. A. van

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By Lei Delsen, Nicolette van Gestel (auth.), Dr. Joos P. A. van Vugt, Dr. Jan M. Peet, Irene Asscher-Vonk, Lout Bots, Lei Delsen, Nicolette van Gestel, Frans Pennings, Cees Sparrius, Kees Tinga, Egon Verbraak (eds.)

Since the Seventies social safety within the ecu Union has been ruled by way of makes an attempt at reform and value regulate. within the final decade of the 20 th century those makes an attempt were reinforced through the arrival ecu monetary and fiscal Union (EMU). This publication deals an outline of the social safeguard procedure and its improvement in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, eire, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the uk. The nationwide contributions are preceded through an creation at the improvement of social protection in Europe until the current day, with particular connection with the postwar means of ecu integration and its results. The publication is concluded by means of essays. the 1st examines the chance and possibilities of eu integration for social defense. the second one discusses moral points: what influence will ecu integration have at the caliber of social safeguard in Europe?

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Extra info for Social Security and Solidarity in the European Union: Facts, Evaluations, and Perspectives

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The burden of this policy has fallen mainly on supra-minimum benefits because there were compensating mechanisms installed to protect minimum benefits, chiefly those of single people and heads of household. e. the consumer price index without the effects of tobacco, alcohol and petrol prices) and adjusted with a two-month delay (for benefits with monthly payments). Social benefit applicants in Belgium are protected by law from discretionary and unjust decisions by the Government. Disputes arising from social security benefits fall within the competence of the Labour Court, in which labour unions, employ- The parents' right to child benefit is not affected by this waiting allowance.

It is estimated that approximately 80% of the labour force is by now covered by such a pension. 9 Unemployment benefits are, in principle, earnings-related. The maximum benefit available amounts to 90% of one's previous income - with a maximum amount. 9% for women. \0 This implies that, although it is an earnings-related benefit, for most people it is more in line with a flat-rate benefit, due to the ceiling. Social assistance is in principle based on a flat rate, depending on age and on whether or not the applicant is a breadwinner.

This presupposes, of course, that the coverage of occupational accidents and diseases is not a part of social security. Belgium 23 benefits are due after the first day of illness, most employees receive full pay during the first month of sickness, due to collective agreements with employers. 3 Family allowances Since the early 1980s the Government has made effective use of family allowances in its fight against poverty. Although several austerity measures were taken that led to lower benefits,14 improvements were made regarding benefits for children who live in deserving families (children of the long-term unemployed, pensioners and the disabled).

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