Soil Security for Ecosystem Management: Mediterranean Soil by Rattan Lal (auth.), Selim Kapur, Sabit Erşahin (eds.)
By Rattan Lal (auth.), Selim Kapur, Sabit Erşahin (eds.)
The time period "Soil safeguard" is utilized in the context of preserving the standard and volume of soil wanted to be able to make certain non-stop provides of meals and clean water for our society. issues during this detailed publication at the administration of soil sustainability within the Mediterranean area comprise: soil info, land degradation, land desertification, pedoenvironments, and the carbon cycle and sequestration. One major concentration of the ebook is the outline of latest techniques which were tailored with reference to interdisciplinary soil atmosphere administration to strive against and mitigate desertification. The contributing authors are popular specialists of their fields which conceal the themes on conventional in addition to cutting edge land use and management.
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Additional info for Soil Security for Ecosystem Management: Mediterranean Soil Ecosystems 1
This situation has been further complicated by a number of factors: • There is no international agreement on how to measure soil properties or on which ones are of prime importance. This has resulted in a multitude of results measured at different times in different ways that cannot easily be compared or correlated. • Until 1998 there was no international agreement on soil nomenclature. The World Reference Base for Soil Resources established by the IUSS (International Union of Soil Science) in 1998 was supposed to end the nomenclature controversy, but it was challenged in several international meetings, making it inapplicable worldwide.
Such indicators can be cultural, social, economic, or technical. Examples of ecological indicators are: soil quality, water quality, biodiversity, and human health; examples of technical indicators are: access to the land and availability of tools; examples of social and economic indicators are: economic wealth and access to social resources by the local population; a cultural indicator could be the educational level in a certain region (Blum 2004). The criteria for these indicators are fourfold: • they must be policy-relevant and focus on the real demands; • they must be analytically sound, based on good science, and demonstrate a clear cause-effect relationship; • they must be easy to interpret and understandable by farmers and stakeholders at the grassroots level as well as by decision-makers and politicians; • they must be easily measurable and therefore feasible and cost effective in data collection, data processing, and dissemination.
Soil data are considered valuable and/or private information in many countries and access to national and local soil information can be difficult or expensive to come by. • There remains a large gap of scientific misunderstanding and economic competition between soil scientists who produce ‘‘classical’’ soil maps using polygons to represent soil associations and those who use ‘‘modern’’ approaches that focus only on point information about certain soil properties. 1 Availability of Global Soil Maps and Databases At the global level, the 1:5,000,000 scale Soil Map of the World (FAO-UNESCO 1971–1981) was, until recently, nearly thirty years after its finalization, the only worldwide, consistent, harmonized soil inventory that was readily available in digital format and came with a set of estimated soil properties for each mapping 50 C.