Solar Energy Thermal Technology by Brian Norton BSc, MSc, PhD, F Inst E, C Eng (auth.)

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By Brian Norton BSc, MSc, PhD, F Inst E, C Eng (auth.)

Solar power Technology offers with all facets of solar power platforms. the basics of predicting avail- skill; monetary appraisal innovations; particular collector sub-systems, together with a confirmed analytical method for predicting functionality; and analyses of solar power structures from dryers to greenhouses, passive sunlight structures to water pumps, are coated extensive. Researchers and technologists should have an perception into the demanding situations implementation involves, and this ebook offers sensible constraints, operational concerns, and the most recent examine effects. The ebook can be of significant curiosity to scholars in addition to pros venture feasibility experiences, improvement and implementation, technical advice, and coaching assignments. Political motion and strain teams also will locate the textual content worthy for constructing power policies.

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THE SOLAR ENERGY RESOURCE 37 isotropic distribution, this is also the correction factor for diffuse radiation. The view factor to the ground, assumed level and infinite in extent, must then be (1 - cos (J)/2. If the ground is a perfectly diffuse reflector of constant diffuse reflectance (albedo) p for the global insolation, the radiation reflected off the ground onto the surface is (h + 1d)(l - cos {J)/2. 2. 19) where c is the fractional time of a month that the ground is covered in more than one inch of snow.

1 Spectral Variation of Transmittance The variation of the transmittance of a "transparent" material is determined by its chemical composition, molecular structure and fabrication. e. 1. 77 (for polyethylene). Low transmittance to infrared radiation is a desirable quality. It assists the retention of solar gains, as illustrated for a glass window in Fig. 1. 2) , = ~('1 + 'II) where 'P' 'II and , are the perpendicular component, parallel component and total reflection respectively of the incident unpolarised radiation.

12) are illustrated in Fig. 2. 4 Solar Radiation Utilisability For many solar thermal systems there exists a critical or threshold value of insolation. For solar collectors, this is that insolation for which at a given ambient temperature, the heat gained equals heat losses. 15) substituting Eq. 20) THE SOLAR ENERGY RESOURCE 21 as may be seen from Eq. 20), solar radiation utilisability depends solely on insolation for a given location, month (value of T a, the mean ambient temperature appropriate for the month) and tilt of the system, p.

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