Streams and Rivers of Minnesota by Thomas F. Waters
By Thomas F. Waters
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Extra resources for Streams and Rivers of Minnesota
Forest Service within the national forest. Jay Cooke State Park is the only state park in the watershed, but it is one of the most scenic and one of the most historically significant of Minnesota's state parks, lying along the deep river gorge of the St. Louis River Dalles. Camp and picnic grounds, scenic overlooks, many miles of river trails, and a swinging suspension footbridge across one of the wilder sections of the river, are included. Savanna Portage State Park, to the west, has a significant relationship to the St.
It is a broad stream, with moderate rapids and boulder fields in the upper portion, but with more rapids in the downstream sections near Independence. The last mile is a continuous rapids, the result of the steep drop in elevation into the St. Louis Valley. THE ST. LOUIS 35 The Cloquet provides an excellent experience for canoeists. The river can be generally characterized as having numerous rapids and short falls with long, deep pools. The rapids, especially in the high water of springtime, might better be left to the more expert.
This stretch is heavily forested, and most of it can be canoed, but there is poorer access and shallower, more unreliable water. From its source the St. Louis flows a tortuous semicircular path of over 160 miles, dropping nearly 1,100 feet to its mouth in Lake Superior. Approximately half of this drop occurs in the lower river gorge downstream from Cloquet, a river distance of only ten miles. At its mouth the average discharge is over 2,000 cubic feet per second, but in the high waters of 1950 this discharge reached a maximum of nearly 38,000.