Subject Clitics in the Northern Italian Dialects: A by Cecilia Goria
By Cecilia Goria
1. zero creation This booklet presents an encompassing research of topic Clitics (SCLs) by way of giving an in depth description of those parts in forms of Piedmontese, a Northern Italian Dialect: Astigiano and Turinese spoken within the parts of Asti and Turin respectively. It bills for the structural place and serve as of those components contained in the computational method and for his or her morphological and distributional houses. It additionally offers an empirical and theoretical comparability among Piedmontese SCLs and SCLs in different Northern Italian Dialects (NIDs). of SCLs varieties within the NIDs were considered as because the Eighties, the bulk components of contract, in that they give a contribution to the realisation of topic verb contract by means of expressing positive aspects of the topic comparable, in a manner, to verbal inflection. still, SCLs aren't to be assimilated to verbal affixes as they convey assorted homes. such a lot distinctively, they are often separated from the verb via different clitic parts and, on the subject of the kinds thought of the following, SCLs are non-compulsory in all contexts and will be passed over in coordination. A extra subtle id of SCLs separates SCLs which encode contract gains from these which don't and are regarding pragmatic elements, as initially saw by means of Beninca (1994) with recognize to the clitic a in Paduano different morphological and syntactic houses that characterise SCLs around the NIDs have justified a variety of bills which regard them as head in their personal projection.
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Extra resources for Subject Clitics in the Northern Italian Dialects: A Comparative Study Based on the Minimalist Program and Optimality Theory
CNR 1) (94) It (95) T' im 10 dijs-to Ion ch' a veul di SCL IOCL OCL say-ICL what that SCL wants to say st' afermassion: [ ... ]? this statement: [ ... ]? "Do you (2sg) tell me what it means this statement: [ ... " (from Gioventurapiemonteisa. " (from 'Illibro delle filastrocche piemontesi per i piu piccoli' Viberti 1997) partes-to subit? SCL leave-ICL soon Do you (2sg) leave soon? (CNR 1) Although co-occurrence of SCLs and ICLs is claimed to be the norm (Parry 1997b), SCLs can omitted in inverted interrogatives: (97) Cos fom-ne adess?
10sing-ReflCL. "We write Piedmontese because we speak it, ... now that it seems that it is disappearing ... " (from Ij Brande in Brero and Bertodatti 1993) The property of SCLs of interacting with the complementiser has been regarded in previous works as diagnostic of their syntactic position. In particular, Poletto (2000b) claims that ceratin clitics must attch to the complementiser because they are merged in CP and therefore they are higher in the structure than those SCLs that do not interact with elements in CPo For Poletto, Piedmontese SCLs belong to the SCL type that is higher in the structure (Poletto 2000b).
La povra fija a comensava a sentis-se sfinia da [... ] the poor girl SCL began to feel -ReflCL exausted from la paura .. , the fear "[ ... ] the poor girl began to feel exhausted because of fear ... " (from Bianccifioca e autre faule in Brero 1998: 19) THE DATA (165) "Ciuto! Ciuto ! " Quiet! Quiet! Let's be quiet for not to wake up-OCL "Quiet! Quiet! e. a property of fmite forms, omission of the SCL is still the only grammatical alternative. A similar observation holds for the infinitival constructions in the Ligurian dialect of Cicagna examined in Cuneo (1997a).