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The church in the age of Constantine : the theological by Johannes Roldanus

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By Johannes Roldanus

Concerning biblical necessities to historical cosmology and anthropology and supplying types for mirrored image on inculturation, this ebook booklet provides a sophisticated theological screening of the doctrinal and moral considering throughout the fourth century.

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Waiting for his chance to take over the whole east, he dedicated himself to Iuppiter, Diocletian’s patron, and continued the persecution of the Christians, until he was defeated by Licinius. Again there were Christian martyrs, especially in Palestine and Egypt, among whom was Alexandria’s bishop Peter. If we look next to the Declaration of Milan of Constantine and his fresh brother-in-law Licinius, we are struck by some similarities in arguing, but should note the differences as well. Concerned – as they say – with public welfare and security in the broadest sense, we thought that of all Crisis and recognition 33 questions related to the benefit of the majority, that of the veneration of the godhead most urgently needs a new arrangement.

These cults and religions mediated to their adherents an initiation into the mysterious fate of a hero or god, who suffered death but came to life again. The myths that told such fates were mostly linked with the cycle of nature and not with any event in history. People who partook in these cults expected to become participants of the mysterious forces that would guarantee life after death. Since Christianity did not want to become a ghetto religion, but to address the whole society, it had to give its particular answer to the widespread longing for immortality.

But the Christians did so because of their monotheistic faith. They also saw their ethical conduct in direct connection with the vocation and mandates given by God. Christians also knew the action of evil forces upon humans. Satan and his demons were constantly leading into temptations and errors. They were looking for points of entry and found them in man’s longings for lust. On this point, Christians showed affinity with the anthropology of several philosophical schools, recognising the importance of reason and will, and of instruction and intelligence.

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