The Color Revolutions by Lincoln A. Mitchell
By Lincoln A. Mitchell
From past due 2003 via mid-2005, a chain of peaceable road protests toppled corrupt and undemocratic regimes in Georgia, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan and ushered within the election of latest presidents in all 3 international locations. those movements—collectively often called the colour Revolutions—were greeted within the West as democratic breakthroughs that may completely reshape the political terrain of the previous Soviet Union.
But as Lincoln A. Mitchell explains in The colour Revolutions, it has because turn into transparent that those protests have been as a lot reflections of continuity as they have been moments of radical switch. not just did those events do little to spur democratic switch in different post-Soviet states, yet their influence on Georgia, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan themselves was once rather various from what was once at the beginning anticipated. actually, Mitchell indicates, the colour Revolutions are most sensible understood as levels in each one nation's lengthy post-Communist transition: major occasions, to make certain, yet a long way wanting actual revolutions.
The colour Revolutions explores the reasons and outcomes of all 3 colour Revolutions—the Rose Revolution in Georgia, the Orange Revolution in Ukraine, and the Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan—identifying either universal subject matters and nationwide diversifications. Mitchell's research additionally addresses the function of yankee democracy merchandising courses, the responses of nondemocratic regimes to the colour Revolutions, the influence of those occasions on U.S.-Russian kin, and the failed "revolutions" in Azerbaijan and Belarus in 2005 and 2006.
At a time whilst the Arab Spring has raised hopes for democratic improvement within the heart East, Mitchell's account of the colour Revolutions serves as a useful reminder of the risks of complicated dramatic moments with lasting democratic breakthroughs.
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Extra info for The Color Revolutions
These parliaments demonstrate both that Georgia and Ukraine were far from authoritarian regimes and that they were a political compliment to the role that civil society played in the Orange and Rose Revolutions. Both events had a substantial political as well as civil society component. In each case, that political component largely originated in parliament. In Ukraine, the process by which opposition figures emerged in the parliament, and thus on the national political scene, was reasonably straightforward.
The Kyrgyz Soviet Republic had been created in the 1920s in a region populated primarily by different, but related, largely nomadic peoples. In addition, there were people from the western part of the Soviet Empire, primarily Russians, but also Ukrainians, Jews, and even Germans living in Krygyzstan when the Soviet Union came to its end. Many of these, among them a disproportionate number of Kyrgyzstan’s educated and professional class, left in the early 1990s, going to Russia, Germany, Israel, and elsewhere.
These two parliaments, which emerged from imperfect and flawed, but not completely fraudulent elections in 2002 in Ukraine and 1999 in Georgia, evolved into institutions where issues could be debated, criticism of the president could be articulated, and opposition figures could gain notoriety nationally. The existence of this type of parliament should not be overlooked as a factor in what became the Orange and Rose Revolutions. These parliaments demonstrate both that Georgia and Ukraine were far from authoritarian regimes and that they were a political compliment to the role that civil society played in the Orange and Rose Revolutions.