The design of lighting by Peter Tregenza
By Peter Tregenza
Written basically for the training clothier, The layout of lighting fixtures brings jointly in a single quantity all that the practitioner is probably going to wish. The authors mix a technical advent to lights and color conception with a consultant to layout ideas and standards, to create a entire resource e-book for architects and architects on inside lights layout.
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ADAPTATION The eye alters in sensitivity in response to the light falling on it. This change can be seen when the pupil gets smaller in bright light, although contraction of the iris is not the main mechanism of adaptation but a fine adjustment for greater depth of field. The pupil changes in area over a range of about 16 to 1, but the eye is sensitive over a range of several million to one. It is the photoreceptors themselves, the light-sensitive cells of the retina, that make the adaptation. They contain pigments that are broken down by photons, releasing electrical energy and becoming less sensitive in the process.
10 is typical. It shows the percentage of a working day for which a given illuminance is exceeded through a typical year in London. It can be seen, for example, that skylight gives more than 30 000 lux on the ground for 20% of the time between 9 am and 5 pm. 9 Mean horizontal diffuse illuminance in London (kilolux). The quantity of daylight entering a window depends more on the luminance of the patch of sky visible through the window than on the total illuminance on the ground. The pattern of sky brightness depends on cloudiness.
The life is estimated to be 10 000 hours, based on the life of the magnetron that generates the microwaves. The spectral distribution is continuous across the whole spectrum range, with reasonable colour performance. With a source of this power a system is necessary to distribute the light within buildings; the sulphur lamp cannot be used as direct replacement for existing sources until small sizes can be manufactured. A 1 kW version is commercially available. WHICH LAMP? 1 lists the characteristics of some incandescent and discharge lamps.