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The Karaites of Galicia: An Ethnoreligious Minority Among by Mikhail Kizilov

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By Mikhail Kizilov

The publication specializes in the heritage, ethnography, and convoluted ethnic identification of the Karaites, an ethnoreligious team in jap Galicia (modern Ukraine). The small neighborhood of the Karaite Jews, a non-Talmudic Turkic-speaking minority, who have been residing in japanese Europe because the overdue center a while, constructed a different ethnographic tradition and spiritual culture. The ebook deals the 1st entire research of the Galician Karaite neighborhood from its earliest days until eventually at the present time with the most emphasis put on the interval from 1772 till 1945. specially vital is the research of the twentieth-century dejudaization (or Turkicization) of the neighborhood, which kept the Karaites from the horrors of the Holocaust.

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Additional info for The Karaites of Galicia: An Ethnoreligious Minority Among the Ashkenazim, the Turks, and the Slavs, 1772-1945

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76 More or less about the same time as the “Turkish theory,” there also appeared another, more detailed and convincing mythologeme which connected the arrival of the Karaites in Galicia with the activity of the Lithuanian Duke Vitold. In the 1790s the Halicz azzan (head of the community from 1796 to 1801) Samuel ben Moses ha-Rodi apparently started to be interested in the history of the Karaite settlement in Galicia. It may be suggested that he was driven by his own scholarly curiosity on the one hand, and by the necessity to present the community to the Austrian administration, on the other.

Settlement of the Karaites in Galicia The problem of establishing the exact time and circumstances of the appearance of the Karaite communities in Eastern Europe has been the subject of heated academic debate since the beginning of the nineteenth century. The main problem concerning the early stage of the existence introduction to the study and the history of karaism 31 of the community is the absolute lack of any contemporary medieval sources. If there were any contemporary Hebrew documents regarding this event at all, they must have been lost during the Chmielnicki massacres and the frequent devastating conflagrations which gutted the Halicz community from the nineteenth through the twentieth centuries.

2 In betrag der Sect. Lebens Arten und Unterhaltung der Karaimer Juden in der Statt Halicz, in Österreichisches Staatsarchiv, Staats-Archiv des Innern und der Justiz. 1520. 1. These data were later repeated in Michael Stöger, Darstellung der gesetzlichen Verfassung der galizischen Judenschaft, vol. 1 (Lemberg-Przemyśl, 1833), 104; Witołd Schreiber, Badania nad antropologi[ dzieci Chrześcijańskich, Żydowskich i Karaimskich w Galicyi (Warsaw, 1910), 3; Fahn, “Le-qorot,” 26–27. 74 For a brief analysis of this book and its importance, see Mikhail Kizilov, “Jüdische Protestanten?

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