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Thermal Comfort Assessment of Buildings by Salvatore Carlucci

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By Salvatore Carlucci

A variety of metrics for assessing human thermal reaction to weather conditions were proposed in medical literature over the past a long time. they target at describing human thermal notion of the thermal surroundings to which somebody or a gaggle of individuals is uncovered. extra lately, a brand new form of “discomfort index” has been proposed for describing, in a man-made means, long term phenomena. ranging from a scientific evaluate of a few long term international soreness indices, they're then contrasted and in comparison on a reference case examine as a way to establish their similarities and changes and strengths and weaknesses. according to this research, a brand new non permanent neighborhood soreness index is proposed for the yank Adaptive convenience version. eventually, a brand new and trustworthy long term basic soreness index is gifted. it really is added in 3 types and every of them is acceptable to be respectively coupled with the Fanger, the eu Adaptive and the yankee Adaptive convenience models.

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Extra info for Thermal Comfort Assessment of Buildings

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1 Average PPD Introduced by ISO 7730 and not included in EN 15251, Average PPD (\PPD[) consists in calculating the mean PPD over the occupied hours POh ðPPDi Á hi Þ \PPD[  i¼1POh : ð1:22Þ i¼1 hi It is an index based on a comfort model, but it does not depend on comfort categories. In the way it is defined, it is a symmetric index. Its most notable feature is that, unlike indices based on categories, it does not introduce discontinuities since the actual discomfort stress is assessed through the Predicted percentage of dissatisfied, which is a continuous and smooth function.

Hoes et al. [26, 28] minimize summer overheating and winter underheating hours, and set a constraint on the maximum number of discomfort hours—fixed at 200 h—in order to ensure a minimum thermal comfort level. Angelotti et al. [14] use a long-term index based on PMV to optimize the design of ground exchangers and night ventilation strategies. Stephan et al. [23] used the Percentage outside range and the Degreehour criterion to optimize openings for night natural ventilation in order to activate the thermal mass and hence reduce thermal discomfort.

Build. Energy Res. 4, 167–200 (2010) 20. E. Kalz, J. Pfafferott, Comparative evaluation of natural ventilated and mechanical cooled non-residential buildings in Germany: thermal comfort in summer, in Proceedings of Conference: Adapting to Change—New Thinking on Comfort (Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, 2010) 21. CIBSE, Guide A: Environmental Design. (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, London, 1999) 22. CIBSE, Guide A: Environmental Design. (Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers, London, 2006) 23.

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